Tablet Press Machine

Allpack tablet press machine is mainly designed for pressing round tablets from various kinds of granular materials and different fomulations in pharmaceutical industry. It can also be used in chemical, food, electronics, daily necessities and other industries. The tablet press machine can press various granular materials into tablets, and can customize various tablets with special patterns, graphics and double-sided engraving, etc. It is capable of mass production of round and special tablets such as medicines, candies, calcium, etc. The equipment is a fully enclosed structure, made of stainless steel. Through the transparent window, you can clearly observe the pressing of the tablets. It is a primary machine to fit batch production of tablets. The cover is made of stainless steel with a close type. The inner tablet surface is also applied with stainless steel materials which could keep surface luster and prevent it from being polluted crossly, complying with GMP requirements.

Single Punch Tablet Machine-6

Single Punch Tablet Machine:The Complete Buying Guide In 2024

Single Punch Tablet Machine:The Complete Buying Guide In 2024

Does your tablet production efficiency need to be increased? Are you trying to manufacture tablets with accuracy and uniformity in mind? Are you looking for a way to save costs without sacrificing quality? You are at the correct spot if you answered "yes" to any of these questions.

Single Punch Tablet Machine

A single-punch tablet machine is an economical yet reliable and efficient equipment you should consider for your business, whether you own a pharmaceutical, food, or chemical production industry.

In this article, we will guide you through the complex world of tablet production equipment, enabling you to make wise choices at every turn. We will break down the important factors you should have in mind before making a purchase.

From understanding the basics about the single-punch tablet machine to assessing your needs and budget – we have got you covered. After going through this article, you will have all the necessary information and self-assurance to select an ideal single-punch tablet machine that complies with your needs and budget.

So, let’s dive into the topic together. Your ultimate solution of efficient and cost-effective tablet manufacturing is waiting for you!

    Add a header to begin generating the table of contents

    1.What is a single-punch tablet machine?

    a single-punch tablet machine

    AiPak Automatic Single Punch Tablet Machine

    A single-punch tablet machine is an earlier innovation in tablet manufacturing. It is industrial equipment employed across various sectors for the formulation of tablets. With the technological growth, it has also evolved over the years.

    The device is utilized in several industries offering a great number of benefits, particularly for small enterprises and laboratories. It has a simple structural design with fewer components and an easy operation of compressing granular or powdered matter into a compact structured tablet with uniform characteristics (shape, size, and weight).

    It is a reliable, efficient, and economical solution for tablet manufacturing without degrading its quality and handling various materials. It is an indispensable device for a small-scale industry whether it is pharmaceuticals, food, or chemicals.

    2.What are the industries that can utilize a single-punch tablet machine?

    The single-punch tablet machine is a must-have device for many industries, boosting their production efficiency. It is employed across numerous industries for different purposes and items. Some of the industries that often utilize the single-punch tablet machine are;

    Pharmaceuticals

    Pharmaceuticals

    Applications in the Pharmaceutical Industry – Picture Courtesy: IFLScience

    If you run a small manufacturing industry and have a low to medium level of production capacity then a single-punch tablet machine can benefit you a lot.

    A single-punch tablet machine can be employed in the pharmaceutical industry to produce a variety of tablets with uniform size, weight, and density.

    Confectionery

    Confectionery

    Candy Tablets – Picture Courtesy: Candy Warehouse

    The device can have several applications in the confectionery industry, as it can process different powdered food materials into compact elegant-looking tablet forms.

    Nutraceuticals

    Nutraceuticals

    Applications in the Nutraceutical Industry – Picture Courtesy: Runner’s World

    The single-punch tablet machine can also be employed in processing nutraceutical materials such as vitamins, minerals, and other dietary supplements into various forms of desired tablets.

    Chemicals

    Chemicals

    Applications in the Chemical Industry

    The production of various chemical tablets from powdered or granular materials in the laboratory or small-scale industry can be done using a single-punch tablet machine.

    Cosmetics

    Cosmetics

    Beauty Tablets – Picture Courtesy: Whole Store

    In the cosmetic industry, certain materials need to be compressed into tablet form for better applications. For such purpose, a single-punch tablet machine can be employed which is an economical yet efficient and consistent device.

    3.What are the benefits that one can have by investing in a single-punch tablet machine?

    Are you wondering about the benefits that a single-punch tablet machine can offer to you? Don’t fret out! Here you will find how considering a single-punch tablet machine for your business can benefit you. So without any further delay, let’s go;

    Small Size

    Small Size

    Small Size Occupying Less Space

    A single-punch tablet machine has a simple and compact design and occupies less space, which is beneficial for small-scale manufacturing.

    Operational Ease

    Operational Ease

    The Device is easy to Operate – Picture Courtesy: Lab Asia

    With fewer components in its structure, a single-punch tablet machine has an easy operational procedure, requiring no trained personnel.

    Low Noise

    Low Noise

    Low Noise Generation

    The device has only a couple of moving parts, aiding in less production of noise.

    Diverse Manufacturing

    Diverse Manufacturing

    Manufacturing Versatility – Picture Courtesy: The Economic Times

    One of the interesting advantages of a single-punch tablet machine is its flexibility in the fabrication of various shapes and sizes of pills. You need to change the tooling of the equipment to get the desired tablet’s form.

    Efficiency 

    Efficiency

    Efficient and Quality Production – Picture Courtesy: The FDA Group

    The single-punch tablet machine is an efficient operational equipment, resulting in the efficient fabrication of tablets with consistent results. It can operate at a good speed and can produce 80 to 200 tablets each minute.

    Cost-effective

    Cost-effective

    Low Price, High Value Device – Picture Courtesy: Precision Machine Shop

    If you want to boost your tablet production but the problem is your budget. Don’t worry, the single-punch tablet machine is comparatively a less expensive device and there are many variants available you can opt for based on your budget.

    Maintenance Ease

    Maintenance Ease

    Easy to Maintain – Picture Courtesy: YG Engineering Machinery

    Being simpler in structure, a single-punch tablet machine can be maintained and cleaned easily with no complex structured component involved in the design.

    4.Describe the fundamental parts of a single-punch tablet machine.

    fundamental parts of a single-punch tablet machine

    Parts of Single Punch Tablet Machine

    The single-punch tablet machine has a compact and simple structural design. It has fewer components working together to manufacture tablets. The basic components of a single-punch tablet machine are;

    Hand Crank Handle

    It is a manual control mechanism utilized to operate the process manually by applying force to the upper punch.

    Loading Cup

    It is also known as a feeding cup or hopper. It is the component from where the raw material is introduced into the machine. Its capacity depends on the design and size.

    Feed Shoe

    This is a connecting link between the die and hopper. It directs and regulates the material into the dies from the hopper.

    Pressure Regulator

    This component is used to regulate the exerting pressure by the upper punch on the material within the die pocket.

    Eccentric Cam

    It is the component that converts the spinning motion to the linear motion. It is connected to the hand crank handle and facilitates the downward movement of the upper punch.

    Die Table

    This part holds the die firm in place to withstand the punch pressure properly without any tumble.

    Die

    This is one of the core parts of the device. It contains a cavity known as the die pocket/cavity. The cavity comes in various shapes and depths. It provides the space for the material to be pressed by the punches.

    Upper Punch

    It is the component that exerts the necessary pressure on the powder mixture. It is the part that is responsible for compacting the powder into the desired tablet shape.

     

    Lower Punch

    It is another important tool, responsible for tablet thickness and ejection. It remains stationary during the compression phase.

    Base

    It is the bottom part of the device holding it firm and stable during the process.

    Safety Mask

    It is a protective cover that encloses the compression area, preventing any contact with the moving parts as well as the cross-contamination of the material.

    Ejection Regulator

    It facilitates the ejection of tablets after the compression.

    Outlet

    It offers an exit way for the manufactured tablets.

    Motor

    It provides the driving power to the machine for efficient processing.

    Driving Belt

    It connects the motor with the moving parts of the device.

    Button

    It is used to switch ON or OFF the device.

    5.How does a single-punch tablet machine function?

    a single-punch tablet machine function

    Working of Single Punch Tablet Machine – Picture Courtesy: SaintyCo

    The elementary design of the single-punch tablet machine makes it easy to handle. The fundamental operational protocols of a single-punch tablet machine are stated below;

    • A space is generated in the die by elevating and lowering the top and bottom punches, respectively.
    • The gravity-driven raw mixture fills the die pocket to the brim from the loading cup.
    • The upper punch then descends into the die pocket exerting the required compaction force to press the powder into the tablet and ensure that it attains uniformity.
    • The thickness of the tablet depends on the distance between the punches. The closer they are placed, the harder and thinner will be the tablets produced.
    • The fabricated tablet gets ejected as a result of the simultaneous bottom punch uplifting and the top punch’s retraction.
    • The entire process is continuously done until there is no more feeding material available.
    • The working parameters can be regulated and monitored in the automatic variant of the device.

    6.What are the kinds of models available for a single-punch tablet machine?

    Based on the level of automation, a single-punch tablet machine can be categorized into 3 types, these are;

    Manual Single Punch tablet Machine

    Manual Single Punch tablet Machine

    Manual Single Punch Tablet Machine

    It is a handheld operated model of single-punch tablet machine. It has the simplest design among all the tablet manufacturing equipment. It consists of a lever connected to the upper punch.

    The material is poured into the die pocket by the operator. The lever is rotated which causes the upper punch to exert pressure on the material and transform it into tablet form. The tablet is then manually ejected from the cavity.

    The production capacity of this equipment depends entirely on the operator.

    Semi-Automatic Single Punch Tablet Machine 

    Operational Ease

    Semi-Automatic Single Punch Tablet Machine

    In this type of machine, some of the operating steps are performed by the worker while the rest of the operation is done by the machine automatically.

    They also have the facility of a hand crank wheel, which can be used for manual compression operation if the motor malfunctions.

    Automatic Single Punch Tablet Machine

    Automatic Single Punch Tablet Machine

    Automatic Single Punch Tablet Machine

    These types of devices are equipped with automated mechanisms. The material to be compressed can be fed utilizing an automatic tool, compression is done, then the tablet gets ejected automatically.

    In certain variants, a control panel is installed through which the process parameters can be monitored and controlled. The automatic single-punch tablet machine is an advanced form of device, having highest of the capacity and operating speed among single-punch tablet machine variants.

    7.What kinds of materials can a single-punch tablet machine handle?

    A single-punch tablet machine is a versatile device capable of handling a variety of materials and compressing them into a compact desired tablet form. Some of the materials that a single-punch tablet machine can handle are;

    Granules

    Granules

    Tablet Formation from Granules

    Granules are particles with consistent particle size. A single-punch tablet machine can handle all sorts of granular materials and compress them into a compact tablet structure.

    Granulation of certain powders is done to improve their flow characteristics and facilitate the formulation of tablets.

    Powders

    Powders

    Tablets Formation from Powder – Picture Courtesy: Livestrong.com

    Powders are finer particles with variable particle size. Dry powders can be compacted into tablets using a single-punch tablet machine.

    8.What types of tablets can be manufactured by a single-punch tablet machine?

    A single-punch tablet machine can manufacture various shapes of tablets. Some common are;

    Round Tablets

    They are the most commonly manufactured tablets. They are circular with no edges. They can be easily produced.

    Round Tablets

    Round Tablets – Picture Courtesy: Amino Apps

    Oval Tablets

    They are elliptical-shaped tablets. They are usually bigger than round tablets.

    Oval Tablets

    Oval Tablets

    Oblong Tablets

    They are rounded-edged rectangular tablets. They are usually produced to carry large dosages of drugs, such as chewable tablets.

    Oblong Tablets

    Oblong Tablets – Picture Courtesy: PharmaTech

    Triangular Tablets

    They have three corners with distinct edges or round edges.

    Triangular Tablets

    Triangular Tablets

    Square Tablets

    They are four-cornered tablets. They usually have a flat surface.

    Square Tablets

    Square Tablets – Picture Courtesy: StudioNow

    Heart Tablets

    They are heart-shaped and can be produced for many purposes in various industries, particularly in the confectionery industry.

    Heart Tablets

    Heart Shaped Tablets

    Core Rod Tablets

    They have a round aperture in the center, mostly manufactured in the food industry.

    Core Rod Tablets

    Core Rod Shaped Tablet – Picture Courtesy: navafresh.sg

    Unique Tablets

    There can be other unique tablet shapes, subject to the design of the punches.

    Unique Tablets

    Different Unique Shaped Tablets – Picture Courtesy: Penglai Packaging

    9.What role do tooling options play in a single-punch tablet machine?

    tooling options play in a single-punch tablet machine

    Variations in Tooling

    The two fundamental components of the single-punch tablet machine that are punches and a die are collectively called tooling. The tooling is designed in various shapes and plays a major role in the device's versatility.

    The tools are made to produce different kinds of tablets and are available in a range of sizes and shapes. The most typical shapes are oblong, diamond, oval, and round. Similar to this, certain instruments are designed to imprint symbols and shapes on tablets.

    The dies and punches are typically made of a material that can withstand high-pressure force, such as stainless steel or Aluminum alloy.

    Furthermore, differences in the thickness of the tablet are also caused by the depth of the die pockets. Because of the adaptability of the tooling, several production units stamp their industrial brand emblem on the tablets to deter counterfeiting.

    10.What maintenance procedures should one develop to ensure the optimal performance of a single-punch tablet machine?

    maintenance procedures

    Maintenance of Single Punch Tablet Machine

    You don’t need to worry about the maintenance of the machine as one of the benefits of a single-punch tablet machine is its easy maintenance. The device has a simple structural design and is easy to clean.

    Maintenance is crucial for any industrial equipment as it aids in the machine's longevity and maintaining its best working condition. Here we are discussing the basic maintenance protocols of a single-punch tablet machine.

    • Routine cleaning and dusting of the complete instrument must be done to guarantee the long life of the equipment without any decline in the quality of products.
    • The tooling must be deeply cleaned to ensure the powder does not stick onto the surface or die pockets that may cause variations in the tablet’s consistency.
    • Lubricate the moving components of the equipment to maintain efficient operation.
    • A periodic inspection of all the parts should be done to observe any damage, rust, or tear.
    • Repair or replace all the worn parts swiftly to prevent any loss of resources.
    • The repaired tools should be measured for their dimensions to ensure the desired outcomes.
    • The tooling can be polished properly without impacting their dimension to have a smooth finish.

    11.What industrial standards you should be aware of when choosing a single-punch tablet machine?

    aware of when choosing a single-punch tablet machine

    Industrial equipment must adhere to the standard/criterion guidelines to certify the safe and efficacious formulation of tablets without compromising their quality.

    The prime standards of quality an instrument needs to concur with are;

    cGMP

    The rules that provide the minimal requirements for proper designing, monitoring, lines of action, and provisions utilized in the product’s fabrication process are called the current good manufacturing practices (cGMP).

    CE

    The CE (Conformité Européenne/European Conformity) credential stipulates that the device satisfies certain authoritative conditions of the environment, safety, and health.

    FDA

    The approval of the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) implies that the product is safe and efficacious as per the legal guidelines.

    ISO

    The ISO (International Organization for Standardization) certification indicates the product’s safety, quality, and efficiency as per the standardized specifications.

    12.What are the issues that one may face while using a single-punch tablet machine and what are the solutions to those issues?

    Yes, it is! Suppose you are not following the working protocols. In that case, if the operators are not focused or making errors, the machine is continuously at work, the maintenance is not being regularly done, or any other reason then you may face certain problems in the final product.

    Early assessment of the problem is important for a timely solution and for preventing any major loss in terms of the product resources or the machine.

    Some of the common issues you may face while using a single-punch tablet machine are;

    Lamination

    Lamination

    Tablet Lamination – Picture Courtesy: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences

    It refers to the layering of the tablet’s core structure.

    It may be caused by over-pressing of powdered material, using worn tooling, or any formulation error.

    Solution: Consider replacing the damaged tooling, increasing the binder level in the formulation, and operating the equipment under standard protocols.

    Capping

    Capping

    Tablet Capping – Picture Courtesy: Scientist Live

    The removal of the upper or lower layer from the core of tablets is called capping.

    The main reason is the air entrapment due to quick compression.

    Solution: Adjust the compression speed and force

    Sticking

    Sticking

    Tablet Sticking – Picture Courtesy: Researchgate

    The powder adhesion to the punches or die surface is called sticking.

    It may occur due to the utilization of damaged punches or die, small letters or logos, less pressure force applied, or inadequate lubricant in the formulation.

    Solution: Polish or replace the dies or punches, increase the lubricant level, increase the dimensions of logos, or adjust the pressing force.

    Picking

    Picking

    Tablet Picking – Picture Courtesy: Researchgate

    Picking is a more specific term used for material sticking inside the imprinting structures on the punches.

    The causes are usually the same as sticking.

    Double Impression

    Double Impression

    Tablet Double Impression – Picture Courtesy: Tech-publish

    It refers to the dual imprinting on the tablets.

    This issue typically arises with the punches having monograms. It can be caused by over-pressing of the material or by using damaged tooling. 

    Solution: Replace or repair the tooling or adjust the pressure force.

    13.What are the limitations of a single-punch tablet machine?

    limitations of a single-punch tablet machine

    Picture Courtesy: Adobe Stock

    Apart from some incredible benefits of a single-punch tablet machine, there are a few limitations to the device. You must know about those limitations before investing in it so that you may not face any trouble in getting your desired outcomes from the device.

    These limitations are;

    • It cannot be employed in large production industries as it is designed for small to medium-scale production.
    • Many variants of the single-punch tablet machine require manual operation, which can result in the operator’s fatigue and there is an increased chance of human errors
    • The single-punch tablet machine offers limited automation, leading to a slower rate of production.
    • The tooling changeover may take time and require adjustments manually.
    • They may not provide a higher level of accuracy in the tablet’s properties.

    14.What factors are necessary to be considered while shopping for a single-punch tablet machine?

    necessary to be considered

    There are various models of the single-punch tablet machine available on the market. These variants vary in many characteristics. Before investing in a single-punch tablet machine, you must consider certain factors to ensure buying the right equipment for your business.

    Some common factors you should consider are;

    Cost

    You must assess your budget, considering not only the operational costs but also the maintenance cost, before selecting a particular single-punch tablet machine.

    Opt for the equipment that offers the best performance in your available budget.

    Capacity

    It is an important factor to consider. Different models have different capacities to process the materials. You should select the variant by keeping in mind the present needs as well as the future objectives.

    Regulatory Compliance

    Safety and quality in the final product are crucial for your business. To ensure the quality of the product, you must consider the device which is designed and manufactured as per the standard specifications.

    Maintenance

    You should research or ask about the maintenance of the equipment considering its cost and protocols.

    Processing Materials

    Certain models of the device may not be able to handle some kinds of materials. Therefore, it is necessary to consider this factor and opt for the device that complies with your requirements.

    Tablet Variations

    Consider the equipment that is capable of producing different kinds of tablets with an easy changeover of the tools.

    Safety Features

    The safety features are important for a safe and efficient operation. Consider the device with proper safety features installed, such as an emergency alarm and guard locks, to prevent any incident.

    CONCLUSION

    Tablet manufacturing is a rapidly growing market due to the continuous demand and convenience of tablet dosage forms. A single-punch tablet machine stands as a pivotal tool in various industries, particularly the pharmaceutical industry, offering a versatile solution for the manufacturing of tablets. The device epitomizes efficiency, quality, and diversity, serving as an indispensable part of the tablet formulation. Selecting the right machine variant is crucial in obtaining the desired outcomes. So if you also want to get the incredible benefits of the single-punch tablet machine and considering investing in it, then you must contact the AllPack Team to learn more about the device.

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    Automatic Tablet Press Machine-9

    Automatic Tablet Press Machine: The Complete Buying Guide In 2024

    Automatic Tablet Press Machine: The Complete Buying Guide In 2024

    Have you ever wondered how tablets of different sizes and shapes are formed? How all the tablets in a package are of uniform size and weight? Are you searching for an ultimate solution to maximize the tablet manufacturing output? Or do you want to better understand automatic tablet press machines? Then you're at the right place.

    Automatic Tablet Press Machine

    Picture Courtesy: Stoelzle

    Tablet is the most popular dosage form used in the health sector. Nowadays, about two-thirds of the drugs are dispensed in solid dosage form and most of them are tablets. Based on the manufacturing motive, the tablets may be of various shapes and sizes. Automatic tablet press machine is a versatile gadget that has amazing features making it an important part of various industries, particularly the pharmaceutical industry. With technological advancements, the automatic tablet press machine has also evolved over the years.

    In this detailed guide, you will get an answer to all the queries related to an automatic tablet press machine. Let’s dive deep into the topic;

      Add a header to begin generating the table of contents

      1.How would you define an automatic tablet press machine?

      an automatic tablet press machine

      Automatic Tablet Press Machine – Picture Courtesy: Kompass

      An automatic tablet press machine is an advanced equipment utilized to transform dry powders and granules into a compact structure. Through this device, a variety of tablets with varied structures and sizes can be manufactured by optimizing the tooling of the device. The device is known to make uniform tablets on a large scale. It provides automated continuous production of tablets by compressing a granular material. It can also shape symbols or text on the tablets.

      2.Which materials can be pressed into tablets using an automatic tablet press machine?

      pressed into tablets

      Granules & Powders – Picture Courtesy: Syntegon

      Dry powders and granules are materials that can be pressed into a compact structure using an automatic tablet press machine, but not all kinds of powders or granules can be compressed.

      Powders:They are fine particles of variable particle size. Certain powders can be pressed into tablets using an automatic tablet press machine. Due to variations in particle size, powders have lower flow properties.

      Granules:They are larger coarse particles of uniform particle size. Due to the uniform size of granules, they have higher flow properties comparatively. For tablet preparation, certain powders are transformed into granules to improve the flow properties and bulk density.

      3.Which industries can utilize the automatic tablet press machine?

      The common industries that utilize the automatic tablet press machine include; pharmaceuticals, chemicals, nutraceuticals, and the food industry. These machines offer flexibility, uniformity, and consistency in tablet manufacturing, making them an important part of numerous manufacturing processes.

      PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY:

      PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY

      Automatic Tablet Press Machine in the Pharmaceutical Industry – Picture Courtesy: Pharma Excipients

      The pharmaceutical industry uses the automatic tablet press machine for the production of tablets carrying active elements in bulk batches. The machine can manufacture precise dosage tablets in a consistently efficient manner. Similarly, multi-layered tablets can also be produced using these machines.

      NUTRACEUTICAL INDUSTRY:

      produced using these machines

      Automatic Tablet Press Machine in the Nutraceutical Industry

      In the nutraceuticals industry, the automatic tablet press machine is employed to create health supplements comprising a blend of ingredients including minerals, vitamins, and herbal extracts, in the form of tablets. These tablets can be consumed by the patients conveniently.

      FOOD INDUSTRY:

      FOOD INDUSTRY

      Automatic Tablet Press Machine in the Food Industry

      The utilization of the automatic tablet press machine in the food industry is to obtain numerous kinds of compact food products like mints, candies, beans, and snacks.

      CHEMICAL INDUSTRY:

      CHEMICAL INDUSTRY

      Automatic Tablet Press Machine in the Chemical Industry

      Chemicals such as pesticides, cleansing agents such as chlorine and phenyl, and fertilizers are obtained in various shapes and sizes tablets with the help of an automatic tablet press machine.

      4.How installing an automatic tablet press machine in the industry can benefit us?

      Automatic tablet press machine offers a variety of key benefits that make them essential to many industries that require accuracy in uniformity and precise dosing, particularly the pharmaceuticals industry. Some of the vital benefits are:

      Increased Operational Efficiency:

      Increased Operational Efficiency

      Increased Efficiency and Productivity

      The automatic tablet press machine offers a rapid, continuous, and automated production rate, enhancing production efficiency and output. Tablets are produced at a much faster rate by operating these machines compared to other manual methods. Moreover, they are consistent in handling large volumes of powder materials.

      Dosing Consistency and Precision:

      Dosing Consistency and Precision

      Precise Dosing – Picture Courtesy: Frontiers Research

      The automatic tablet press machine plays a crucial role in providing the precise dosing of active constituents in tablets with unmatched consistency. It ensures that every tablet has the right quantity of content by providing cutting-edge technology like fill-depth optimization and automatic weight management.

      Dosage precision is crucial in the pharmaceutical industry, where slight inaccuracy in the dosing can have a significant adverse impact on the consumer’s health.

      Lowered Operational and Overhead Expenses:

      Lowered Operational and Overhead Expenses

      Lowered Operational Expenses – Picture Courtesy: Pallet Market

      By providing automated processing, the automatic tablet press machine minimizes production costs and labor expenses, which means only a limited number of personnel are required for the machine's operation and fewer resources are being wasted by largely eliminating the human hand.

      Tablet Uniformity:

      Tablet Uniformity

      Uniformity in Tablets – Picture Courtesy: depidiomas

      Apart from other extraordinary features, the automatic tablet press machine also offers the uniformity in tablet’s size, shape, and weight. This feature is important for elegant-looking and precise dosing.

      Variations in Size and Shape:

      Variations in Size and Shape

      Variations in Sizes & Shapes of Tablets – Picture Courtesy: Adobe Stock

      The automatic tablet press machine can produce a variety of tablets in different sizes and shapes by optimization of tooling devices. The uniqueness in shapes and sizes influences the consumers to take the tablets.

      Improved Stability of Products:

      Variations in Size and Shape-1

      Excellent Quality of Tablets – Picture Courtesy: PharmTech

      The precise, uniform, and consistent manufacturing of tablets by the automatic tablet press machine improves the quality of tablets. Such tablets are less likely to degrade during their transportation and storage life.

      5.Which varieties of automatic tablet press machines are available?

      The automatic tablet press machine is available in several varieties and configurations, each having unique characteristics and advantages. To accommodate different production needs and parameters, these machines provide a variety of layouts and construction materials, tablet structure and size options, as well as operational speeds and efficiency.

      The common forms of automatic tablet press machines are;

      SINGLE-PUNCH AUTOMATIC TABLET PRESS MACHINE

      Bench-top-Pill-Pressing-Machine

      Allpack Single-Punch Automatic Tablet Press Machine

      This is the simplest form of automatic tablet press machine. Its simple configuration and operation make it an ideal choice for tablet manufacturing, particularly for small-volume manufacturing as they have a limited capacity of production.

      They are economical for small enterprises and are easy to operate by using a pair of dies and a punch to press the granular powder into the tablet. To get distinct forms of tablets, you have to change the punch and die set.

      They work by employing a set of dies and a punch. The material flows through the hopper and fills the die. The punch exerts the necessary pressure and the powder gets pressed into the tablet, followed by the die opening for ejecting the tablet.

      ROTARY AUTOMATIC TABLET PRESS MACHINE

      Industrial-Pill-Pressing-Machine

      AIPAK Rotary Automatic Tablet Press Machine

      Rotary tablet press machines come in several varieties. Both basic and modified forms of variants are available. The key distinguishing features between the two variants are the degree of automation and the processing speed of compression.

      Because of their rapid speed and consistent outcomes, these machines are widely employed across industries. They can handle and produce millions of tablets every hour with precise control over tablet quality. They are handy to use in large-scale business models.

      The capacity of some of the variants can be enhanced by connecting certain auxiliary pieces of equipment with the device, such as a vacuum powder loader or a de-duster. The only complication with this type of machine is that it requires more maintenance, good airing, and an uninterrupted power supply.


      HIGH-SPEED ROTARY AUTOMATIC TABLET PRESS MACHINE

      ROTARY AUTOMATIC TABLET PRESS MACHINE

      AIPAK High-Speed Rotary Automatic Tablet Press Machine

      The industries operating at a large scale are leaning towards the high-speed rotary tablet press machine. These machines can provide a pre-compression pressure of 10 kN. These machines are originated to satisfy the demands of large manufacturers.

      The machines can retain the ingredients recipe and reproduce them in subsequent batches. They are structured with a high-pressure tooling and have a long time of compression. Additionally, a side guard interlock device is installed to maximum protection.

      THREE-COLORED AUTOMATIC TABLET PRESS MACHINE:

      Three-Colored-Pill-Pressing-Machine

      AllPack Three-Colored Automatic Tablet Press Machine

      The three-colored automatic tablet press machine is another form of equipment employed in industries to manufacture multi-layer multi-colored tablets by compressing the granules into various forms of tablets, as per the consumer’s demands. Apart from pharmaceutical industries, it can also be utilized in the food and chemicals industry. It has an automatic operational mode and is easy to clean.

      COMPRESSED AUTOMATIC TABLET PRESS MACHINE:

      AUTOMATIC TABLET PRESS MACHINE-3

      AllPack Compressed Automatic Tablet Press Machine

      It is a type of rotary tablet press machine that is commonly used in the food industry for making biscuits by compressing the biscuit powders. The compressed biscuits are formed by the application of huge pressure by the punches on the biscuit powders.

      EFFERVESCENT AUTOMATIC TABLET PRESS MACHINE:

      Effervescent-Pill-Pressing-Machine

      AllPack Effervescent Automatic Tablet Press Machine

      It is the modern form of rotary machine developed to fabricate effervescent and aromatic tablets. It has an automated mode of operation and has a wide scope across industries, including chemicals and the food industry. The tablets produced are usually large. The machine is typically connected to a dust collector to keep the environment clean.

      6.What are the fundamental components/parts of an automatic tablet press machine?

      The fundamental parts of an automatic tablet press machine are described below;

      Automatic Tablet Press Machine-6

      Parts of AllPack Automatic Tablet Press Machine

      Hopper

      It is an enclosed space on top of the machine that is utilized for feeding the material to the machine. It can house a specified volume of the feed and maintain its steady supply. To maximize the production output, some of the machine variants have more than one hopper installed in it.

      Feeding System

      This system plays a vital role in the transfer of powder into the die pockets. Depending on the machine model, they operate on different mechanisms. The 2 key mechanisms involved are;

      Forced Feeding

      The advanced form of automatic tablet press machine employs forced feeders for the material delivery into the machine. These feeders are composed of paddle wheels exerting additional force maintaining the regulated flow of materials. It aids in improving the poor flow characteristics of the material.

      Gravity Feeding

      The gravity feeders have a multi-chamber frame and aid in leading the material into the die pockets using the force of gravity.

      Dosing Plow

      It influences the regulation of precise loading of the material to the die pockets.

      Turret

      The turret is referred to as the heart of the automatic tablet press machine. It has uniformly spaced holes that serve as a holder for the punches and dies throughout the operation.

      Ejection Cam

      It is involved in the dislodgement of the finished tablets by uplifting the bottom punches.

      Punches

      Punches are the integral components of the machine. They are customized sets of tools originated with specified heads to fulfill the requirement of a particular size, structure, or imprint on tablets. They occur in pairs, i.e. upper and lower punch, and work in coordination to provide the necessary pressure for compression.

      Screen Panel

      The modern type of automatic tablet press machine comes with a touch screen panel, e.g. High-speed rotary tablet press. The different parameters can be adjusted and controlled using the touch screen. Moreover, it can also retain the recipe settings for reproducing the subsequent tablet batches.

      Compression Rollers

      They are cylindrical structures and are divided into 2 groups.

      Pre-Compression Rollers

      These rollers are employed to apply moderate force before the primary compression initiates. This action eliminates the presence of any air gaps within the raw materials.

      Primary Compression Rollers

      These rollers exert huge pressure on the material within the die pockets ensuring the proper compression of materials.

      Dies

      They are the structures consisting of holders for the punches. These holders are known as die cavities where the materials get compressed by the repeated action of the punches. They are designed to endure strong pressure.

      Main Drive System

      It is among the cardinal components of the rotary tablet press machine. The system supplies electricity and is liable for managing the machine’s motion. A gearbox, a primary driving shaft, an electric motor, and a series of belts/gears make up the system. A well-ordered main drive system can reliably sustain both the machine's overall execution and the fabrication of tablets.

      7.What are the operating protocols of the automatic tablet press machine?

      The overall working of different machine variants may vary due to their differently designed components. However, the basic operation remains the same.

      The automatic tablet press machine operates in the following 4 steps;

      Filling

      Filling

      Picture Courtesy: I Holland

      In this step, the powder is introduced to the hopper which directs the powder simultaneously to the various dies by using free paddles, which help in the uniform distribution of the material to each die and halt the uneven distribution.

      During the procedure, the bottom punches are guided downward by the pull-down cam to provide space for the incoming powder. The upper cam concurrently raises the upper punches.

      Metering

      Metering

      Picture Courtesy: I Holland

      This is the second and most important step of the compression process. This step involves the removal of powder in excess from the turret and measuring and controlling the right powder quantity. The process makes sure that the dosing is accurate, which is critical for the maintenance of tablet uniformity.

      Compression

      Once the metering stage is over, the compression phase starts. This stage is further classified into two phases.

      Pre-compression Phase

      pre-compression

      Picture Courtesy: I Holland

      During pre-compression, the upper punch lowers and the material within the die pocket is subjected to a modest amount of pressure. The main aim of this phase is the formation of a packed mass called a slug. The slug serves as a base for the primary compression phase and helps remove any air gaps from the powder.

      Main Compression Phase

      Compression

      Picture Courtesy: I Holland

      During this phase, the upper punch exerts a huge pressure on the slug, resulting in the further compaction of the material which then turns into the final shape of the tablet.

      The force used in the primary compression process guarantees the right bulk, diameter, and stiffness of the tablet. The tablet attributes can be managed by varying the dwell time, which is the contact time of the punches with the powder material.

      Ejection

      Ejection

      Picture Courtesy: I Holland

      After the compression process completes, the bottom punches will lift and push the formed tablets out from the die pocket. The automatic tablet press machine employs lubricants to smoothly remove the tablet from the die. This lessens the chance of damaging or jamming the tablet during ejection. In addition, some sophisticated tablet press machines have a reject mechanism built in to separate the faulty tablets at this stage.

      8.How does a rotary tablet press machine differ from a single-punch tablet press machine?

      SINGLE-PUNCH AUTOMATIC TABLET PRESS MACHINE ROTARY AUTOMATIC TABLET PRESS MACHINE
      Bench-top-Pill-Pressing-Machine Industrial-Pill-Pressing-Machine
      It has a simple design It has a complex design
      Utilizes a single set of tooling Contains multiple tooling, which rotates on a turret
      The bottom punch remains stationary Both punches move between pressing rolls
      Employed for small-scale operation Large-scale operation where production demand is high
      Easy to operate Required trained personnel to operate
      Low noise production High noise production
      Maintenance is easy Maintenance is difficult
      Limited manufacturing capacity Maximum manufacturing capacity
      Less control over tablet properties Precise control over tablet qualit

      9.How would you describe a turret in an automatic tablet press machine?

      TURRET:

      Turrets-in-Pill-Pressing-Machine

      Turret in Pill Pressing Machine- Picture Courtesy: Elizabeth Companies

      The turret is the main processing component of the automatic tablet press machine, sometimes referred to as the heart of the machine. The rotating turret is composed of holes that serve as the holders for dies and punches. The holes in the turret are evenly spaced to ensure the proper alignment of the tools, which results in efficient operation.

      There is a range of turrets available for various tools of the automatic tablet press machine. It is easy to make the turret adaptable according to the tools by simply changing its base. The turrets are made of high-quality steel to endure the huge pressure during the operation. The number of holes in the turret determines the production capacity of the machine.

      The maximum rotating speed of a turret can be up to 70 RPM, depending upon the model of the machine.

      The turret can be categorized into 3 main sections;

      Die Turret: the segment that serves the purpose of holding the dies.

      Upper Turret: the segment involves in holding of the upper punches.

      Lower Turret: the segment that involves in holding of the bottom punches.

      10.What do you mean by tablet tooling?

      TABLET TOOLING

      TABLET TOOLING

      Tooling of Automatic Tablet Press Machine

      Tablet tooling refers to the vital components of the automatic tablet press machine, i.e. the dies and the punches. The versatility in tooling is one of the tremendous features of the automatic tablet press machine. There is a huge significance of tooling as it allows users to fabricate various forms of tablets as per the consumer’s demands.

      The tooling comes in a variety of shapes and sizes, designed for the manufacturing of specific forms of tablets. The most common are round, oval, diamond, and oblong. Similarly, some tools have symbols and shapes for imprinting on tablets.  Moreover, the depth of the die pockets also results in variations in the tablet’s thickness.

      Certain manufacturing units imprint their industrial brand symbol on the tablets to avoid counterfeiting, which is only possible because of the tooling’s versatility.

      11.What problems can you face using an automatic tablet press machine and what are the solutions to those problems?

      One may face certain problems while using an automatic tablet press machine and to resolve those problems, you must know about the cause of the problem. These problems may be either because of any technical issue in the machine or due to any formulation errors. Some common problems and their solutions are discussed here;

      LAMINATION

      It is defined as the splitting of tablets into multiple layers.

      Lamination

      Tablet Lamination – Picture Courtesy: Scientist Live

      REASONS RECTIFICATIONS
      It may be caused by the over-compression of granular material, resulting in granular flattening, which then does not lock together.

      The issue may arise due to misalignment of certain machine components such as the incorrect setting of the take-off plate or bottom punch ejection, utilization of worn punches, granules being over-dried, or under-usage of binders.

      Increase the moisture and binder level in the formulation.

      Reset the take-off plate and the bottom punches.

      Replace or repair the damaged punches.

      CAPPING

      It is the partial or complete separation of the lower or upper layer from the tablet’s main body.

      CAPPING

      Tablet Capping – Picture Courtesy: Freeman Technology

      REASONS RECTIFICATIONS
      It is mainly caused due to the entrapment of air, which may occur due to compression being too quick.

      The other reasons might be pressure being too high, over-blending, or not enough binder within the formulation.

      Reduce the compression speed.

      Minimize the fines in granules.

      Adjust binder and moisture ratio.

      Lower the weight or increase the thickness within limits.

      Use of properly designed tooling that allows the air to evacuate during the process.

      STICKING & PICKING

      Sticking refers to the attachment of powder to the punch faces or die walls.

      A more specific term is picking, which is the powder sticking within the logos, letters, or shapes on the punches.

      PICKING

      Tablet Sticking

      STICKING

      Tablet Picking – Picture Courtesy: Science Direct

      REASONS RECTIFICATIONS
      It may be caused because of;

      Damaged punches.

      Ringed die.

      Letters or logos are to be very small.

      Too much moisture.

      Inadequate lubricant.

      Insufficient compaction force.

      Replace or polish the dies and punches.

      Adjust lubricants.

      Enhance the compaction force.

      Increase the letter diameter or tablet’s size.

      Dry the material.

      WEIGHT VARIATION

      It means the irregularity in the weight of the tablets.

      WEIGHT VARIATION

      Weight Variation in Tablets – Picture Courtesy: IPharmachine

      REASONS RECTIFICATIONS
      It may be caused because of;

      Length variation in punches.

      Inconsistency in feeding.

      Inappropriate feeder setting.

      Inconsistency in granular size.

      Poor flow of the powder.

      Presence of dirt on weight adjustment cam.

      Ensure the punches are tightened.

      Clean the weight adjustment cam.

      Set the feeder properly.

      Add lubricant.

      Lower the speed of the machine.

      Introduce a vibration mechanism in the hopper to maintain the steady feed.

      DOUBLE IMPRESSION

      The imprinting on both sides of the tablet. This problem arises only with the use of punches with monograms.

      DOUBLE IMPRESSION

      Double Impression on Tablets – Picture Courtesy: IPharmachine

      REASONS RECTIFICATIONS
      It may be caused because of;

      Misalignment of the punches.

      Over-compression.

      Utilization of damaged punches or dies.

      Replace or polish the dies and punches.

      Reduce the compression force.

      Set the punches properly.

      12.What measures can be taken for the maintenance of the automatic tablet press machine?

      Waiting for the breakdown of your industrial automatic tablet press machine can be costly. Industrial managers should create preventive maintenance programs/schedules rather than waiting for unforeseen incidents to happen, that might stop or minimize the output.

      When the machine catches a problem, it gives various signs of malfunctioning, they can be visible or audible. The working personnel should look up for or listen to those signs. Every component should be regularly inspected and maintained as per set guidelines. The maintenance can be done on a daily, weekly, as well as monthly basis.

      The common maintenance procedure includes;

      Dusting & Cleaning

      This is an important step to be followed regularly. As the automatic tablet press machine works on the principle of automated production, its cleaning and dusting are necessary for efficient operation.

      The components like hoppers, pressing rolls, punches, dies, and feeding systems require extensive dusting and cleaning.

      It ensures that the components don’t have any powder sticking onto the surface, which can cause problems in the quality of tablets. The device typically utilized for this purpose is an ultrasonic automated cleaner.

      Lubrication

      This needs to be done to maintain the fluency of different moving parts of the machine such as rollers, punches, and turret. Continuous operation of the machine can reduce the moving speed of such parts.

      Assessment

      A visual inspection of the machine tools should be done under magnifiers. It is important to look for any damages, corrosion, or wear. The cleaning validation is also done through assessment. It helps in providing early clues about any problem with the machine.

      Examining various parts is crucial in maintaining optimal operation, particularly the turret, being the heart of the machine, and should be assessed regularly to reduce runout.

      Repairing

      Any damaged or worn tool should be repaired or replaced quickly to prevent a drop in the tablet’s quality. The repairing should be done by a trained worker.

      Measuring

      It is essential when repairing is done to ensure that the tools are in proper shape and dimensions. It should be carried out regularly even if repair has not been done. Proper tooling dimensions are important to regulate the tablet’s characteristics.

      Polishing

      Tooling life can also be maximized by proper and controlled polishing. It is done to give a smooth finish to the components.

      13.What parameters should be considered while selecting an automatic tablet press machine?

      If you are seeking guidance on selecting the appropriate automatic tablet press machine, here are some key considerations to keep in mind.

      MANUFACTURING CAPACITY:

      Ponder-on-Production-Capacity

      Manufacturing Capacity

      It is one of the most crucial aspects to consider when opting for an automatic tablet press machine. The manufacturing capacity is described as the tablet’s quantity that a machine can produce in one hour. One should keep in mind their present requirements as well as future objectives.

      TABLET CHARACTERISTICS

      Coloured-tablets

      Variety of Shapes & Sizes of Tablets – Picture Courtesy: The Medicine Maker

      Different variants of the automatic tablet press machine have the specific capability of fabricating various forms of tablets. Therefore, always select the variant that satisfies your requirements.

      EFFICIENCY

      EFFICIENCY

      Picture Courtesy: REVE Chat

      The efficiency of a machine is also an important factor to consider. An efficient machine working at a high speed without sufficient breakdown will help you achieve the production demands.

      TURRET

      TURRET

      Turret

      Always check for the turrets in a machine that should be operating smoothly and must be aligned with tooling. As this component is important in determining the machine’s efficiency, it is necessary to observe the turret properly.

      CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL

      CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL

      AIPAK Rotary Automatic Tablet Press Machine – Stainless Steel

      Always opt for a machine that is made of high-quality material to ensure the manufacturing process is efficient and the powder does not stick to the surface of various components or gets stuck, reducing the capacity of production and loss of resources.

      Conclusion

      A quick and easy approach to getting several nutrients or drugs in the least amount of time is by taking them in the form of tablets. Now, to produce such tablets with accuracy, an automatic tablet press machine is required. There is a diverse range of applications to offer by the automatic tablet press machine in various industries. Many industries have the propensity for this machine due to its high power and efficient production rate. So, if you're planning to purchase; then contact Allpack Team Now to find more about automatic tablet press machine series.

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      Automatic Tablet Press Machine: The Complete Buying Guide In 2024 Read More »

      tabletpress

      Pill Pressing Machine: The Complete Buying Guide In 2024

      Pill Pressing Machine: The Complete Buying Guide In 2024

      Are you looking for a dynamic solution to increase your tableting process? Is the pill fabrication process harder for you? Do you want to improve pill quality? Then consider installing pill pressing machine.

      Pill Pressing

      Picture Courtesy: Keppy Family Chiropractic

      Pill pressing machines are a vital part of different industries, especially the pharmaceutical industry. The pill pressing machine is a favored tool for many industries because of its accelerated pill manufacturing and also for its improved quality of pill pill-making process.

      In this article, you will find all the answers to your queries regarding the pill pressing machine. This informative article will discuss benefits, applications, working principles, types, and many more about the pill pressing machine.

        Add a header to begin generating the table of contents

        1.Define A Pill Pressing Machine?

        A Pill Pressing Machine

        Pill Pressing Machine- Picture Courtesy: Fette Compacting

        A pill pressing machine is the most important machine that is used for compacting and changing powders and granules into tablets. This machine is also referred to as a tablet press machine in the industrial sector. It produces consistent quality and diverse-sized tablets depending upon its tooling devices.

        It is majorly seen in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industry for creating tablets from precise powder formulation and granulation blends. It delivers top-notch results because of its excellent accuracy and high productivity.

        2.Why is Pill Pressing Machine Significant in Industries?

        Pill pressing machine is significant in industries because they offer better output rates than the traditional and old methods of pill pressing. It is cost-effective, as it consumes less energy. Some of the benefits of this manufacturing unit are detailed below:

        Versatility in Shapes and Sizes

        Versatility in Shapes and Sizes

        Versatility in Shapes and Sizes

        A pill pressing machine is the best invention of science because it offers versatility and flexibility in tablet production. It does not produce a single type of product instead it produces diverse shapes of pills for increasing patient compliance. Unique shapes of tablets tempt patients to take their tablets.

        Excellent and Superior Tablet Quality

        Excellent and Superior Tablet Quality

        Excellent and Superior Tablet Quality

        Manufacturers of pill pressing machine routinely perform several tests to ensure their machines meet the highest possible standard of quality and performance. Thus, the pill pressing process by this machine creates top-quality tablets. Quality tablets ensure better therapeutic responses in patients.

        Increased Outputs

        Increased Outputs

        Increased Outputs

        With the help of pill pressing machine, manufacturers fabricate large quantities of tablets at increasingly high speeds. Using this machine also saves valuable time and increases the productivity of the production line. Furthermore, only not does this machine save time, but it also saves the quantities of formulation, resulting in lower wastage.

        Hygienic Processing

        Hygienic Processing

        Hygienic Processing

        The machine is constructed with stainless steel materials that are corrosion and rust-resistant. This material offers a sanitary design to the pill pressing machine, making it easier to clean the machine. This feature allows hygienic and sanitary conditions during the tablet pressing process.

        Uniformity in Shapes and Sizes of Tablet

        Uniformity in Shapes and Sizes of Tablet

        Uniformity in Shapes and Sizes of Tablet

        Manual labor does not produce uniform-sized and shaped tablets. There is always variation in the tablets created by manual labor. However, the pill pressing machine is an advanced piece of technology, creating consistent-sized and shaped tablets every time. There are no minute differences in the tablets formed by pill pressing machine.

        3.What are the Basic Parts of Pill Pressing Machine?

        The basic parts of pill pressing machine are discussed below:

        Basic Parts of Pill Pressing Machine

        Parts of Allpack Pill Pressing Machine

        Hopper It is the central part of the feeding system that houses large quantities of raw materials for making pills. It is an enclosed part that prevents the entry of other foreign objects to minimize the chances of contamination.
        Stainless Steel Frame The frame is made from stainless steel materials that are robust and long-lasting material. The frame offers support and stability to different machine parts.
        Die Cavity This part of the pill pressing machine allows the entry of the formulation materials through its hollow interior. It is constructed according to the shapes of pills and is easily interchanged for making different pills.
        Punches Punches come in pairs that are upper and lower punches. These punches move up and down to compact powders into pills. By their movement, they exert the necessary force for the compression.
        Table Adjuster For maintaining the level of powders in the pill pressing machine, a table adjuster is employed. With this part, excess materials are removed from the machine.
        Electric Panel It is the dashboard for different electric switches. It is used for adjusting powering options.
        Control Panel For controlling different parts of the pill pressing machine, the control panel is used. It regulates all the processes like the speed of the turret, movement of upper and lower punch, temperature, pressure, etc. It is used to input all the program parameters easily, lowering the burden on the workforce.
        Electric Cabinet Different electric appliances that are used for powering the machine are present in the electric box.
        Safety Glass It is an enclosed barrier surrounding the pill pressing machine and is made with organic glass. It is a safeguard system that protects the interior of the machine. It also allows operators to see the progress of the tableting process.
        Turret This part holds the die cavity, upper and lower punch. The motion of the turret is essential for the entry of the raw materials and also for the removal of formed pills.
        Danger Button This button is an emergency stop button that is used in case of machine malfunctioning and emergencies. It instantly turns off the machine without waiting for the normal turnoff process.
        Exhaust It is part of the ventilation system. The hot air or other fumes are discharged from the machine through exhaust.

        4.What are the Industrial Uses of Pill Pressing Machine?

        Pill pressing machine have diverse industrial uses in different production lines. Many industries lean towards this machine because of its accuracy and high productivity. Some of the industrial uses of this machine are:

        Pharmaceutical Industry

        Pharmaceutical Industry

        Use of Pill Pressing Machine in Pharmaceutical Industry

        First and foremost, a pill pressing machine is utilized in the pharmaceutical industry to form bulk quantities of tablets. This machine produces consistent dosage pills by accurately and precisely compacting powders into pills. This enables pharmaceutical industries to deliver accurate dosages to patients.

        Nutraceutical Industry

        Nutraceutical Industry

        Use of Pill Pressing Machine in Nutraceutical Industry

        Beside the pharmaceutical industry, the nutraceutical industry also employs pill pressing machine. It transforms different types of vitamins, minerals, and dietary powders into desired pills. Uniform quality nutraceutical pills are pressed by this machine and are regularly utilized by the patients to boost their health and immune systems.

        Confectionery Industry

        Confectionery Industry

        Use of Pill Pressing Machine in Confectionery Industry

        Yes, the confectionery industry also utilized this precious invention to form different kinds of candies, toffees, mints, bounties, and beans. Pill pressing machine is known for its high speed, versatility, and uniformity in the confectionery industry.

        Chemical Industry

        Chemical Industry

        Use of Pill Pressing Machine in Chemical Industry- Picture Courtesy: www.vensten.ru

        Pill pressing machine is regularly found in the chemical industry and it creates different kinds of chemical pills like chlorine and phenyl tablets. Moreover, this machine is also used for fabricating fertilizer and pesticide pills in the agriculture industry.

        Cosmetic Industry

        Cosmetic Industry

        Use of Pill Pressing Machine in Cosmetic Industry

        When it comes to cosmetic tablets, a pill pressing machine is popular in the cosmetic industry as it forms aesthetically pleasing tablets. These pills are applied both externally and internally to boost human health and beauty.  This machine also creates fizzy bath bombs that are used as body wash.

        5.What is the Working Principle of Pill Pressing Machine?

        The working principle of pill pressing machine is divided into four major steps that are:

        Filling

        In the first stage, the raw materials (powders or granules) are deposited in the pill pressing machine hopper after their treatment with the roller compaction. These rollers are used for acquiring granular materials. This powder blend from the hopper goes to the turret for loading inside the die cavity.

        Filling

        Filling

        Metering

        This stage is essential in obtaining the right-sized tablets. At this stage, excess powder materials are discharged from the turret. The uniformity in tablets is achieved by the lower punch also called dosage cam.

        Metering

        Metering- Picture Courtesy: Ipharmachine

        Compression

        The compression of granules into tablets is achieved by the upper and lower punches. These punches come together to exert high-pressure force to form a tablet. The upper punch moves down while at the same time, the lower punch is raised upward to compress the powders. The hardness and thickness of tablets are dependent upon the distance between two punches. If two punches are close to each other, the formed pill will be hard and thin. If they are far apart from each other, the compressed pill will be soft and thick.

        Compression

        Compression of Tablet- Picture Courtesy: US Validation Services

        Ejection

        The ejection or discharge of tablets from the pill pressing machine is carried out by the upward movement of the upper punch and by the downward movement of the lower punch. This leads to forcing the pill upward to the exterior of the die cavity. The take-off blade then removes tablets from the turntable towards the collection bin.

        Ejection

        Tablet Ejection- Picture Courtesy: Fette Compactin

        6.What are the Types of Pill Pressing Machine?

        There are different types of pill pressing machine such as:

        Types of Pill Pressing Machine

        According to Size

        Bench-top Pill Pressing Machine

        Bench-top Pill Pressing Machine

        Bench-top Pill Pressing Machine

        It is a small, compact machine with a reduced footprint and is easily accommodated on the desktop. It consists of a single punch, hence, it has lower productivity. Unlike other, single-punch pill pressing machines, this system is fully enclosed and has a high raw material utilization rate. 

        Industrial Pill Pressing Machine

        Industrial Pill Pressing Machine

        Allpack Industrial Pill Pressing Machine

        It is a high-speed pill pressing machine used in various industries. Due to its high speed, it has an increased output rate that is usually around 300,000 tablets per hour. It not only produces round-shaped tablets but also forms special types of tablets. It processes fine powders but does not process moisture-prone materials.

        According to Working

        Single-Punch Pill Pressing Machine

        Single-Punch Pill Pressing Machine

        Single-Punch Pill Pressing Machine

        This type of pill pressing machine is the major component of small-scale industries because of its minimal output rate. It produces one tablet per cycle because of having only a single punch and one die cavity. Its compression capability is about 55-90 tablets per minute. It also has smaller space needs.

        Rotary Pill Pressing Machine

        Rotary Pill Pressing Machine

        Allpack Rotary Pill Pressing Machine

        This kind of pill pressing machine is favoured among industries because it contains multiple punches arranged on a rotary turret. The rotary turret continuously moves up and down to load feed substances in the die cavity. This machine can form more tablets per minute because of its multiple punches. It can create versatile pills differing in their shapes and sizes.

        Flower Basket Pill Pressing Machine

        Flower Basket Pill Pressing Machine

        Allpack Flower Basket Pill Pressing Machine

        It is used in smaller productions and research institutes that need a lower output rate. The flower basket pill pressing machine uses force feed as well as compression principles for smoothly creating the pills. This machine has the appearance of a flower, hence the name flower basket pill pressing machine.

        It produces both regular and irregularly shaped tablets. It is easily installed on the desktops. The flower basket pill pressing machine exerts high pressure to create bigger-sized tablets.

        According to Automation

        Hand-held Pill Pressing Machine

        Hand-held Pill Pressing Machine

        Hand-held Pill Pressing Machine- Picture Courtesy: LFA Tablet Presses

        It is a small pill pressing machine that is easily held in hands. It is used in home-based settings to produce different kinds of supplement pills. It has straight forward construction with two handles and a cavity in which powder is stored to produce tablets. The handles exert force for compressing powders.

        Semi-automatic Pill Pressing Machine

        Semi-automatic Pill Pressing Machine

        Allpack Semi-automatic Pill Pressing Machine

        It is a single punch machine that has a motor fitted in it. This machine has a semi-automatic mode of operation as although the feeding of granular material and discharge of powders is done by the operators, the compression is performed by the pressure force provided by the upper punch. The movement of the punch is powered by the motor.

        Automatic Pill Pressing Machine

        Automatic Pill Pressing Machine

        Allpack Automatic Pill Pressing Machine

        It is a large industrial unit, comprising multiple punches that move simultaneously to output numerous tablets during one cycle. The automatic pill pressing machine has an automatic mode of operation in which feeding, metering, compression, and loading are carried out by the machine independently.

        According to Product Type

        Paint Type Pill Pressing Machine

        Paint Type Pill Pressing Machine

        Paint Type Pill Pressing Machine

        This machine is used to produce round-shaped tablets. It is a compact manufacturing unit producing fewer pills per minute. It is best for small-batch businesses.  It contains about 15-19 pairs of punches. Paint type pill pressing machine has a powder suction device that controls the rate of dust generation

        Three-Colored Pill Pressing Machine

        Three-Colored Pill Pressing Machine

        Allpack Three-Colored Pill Pressing Machine

        This machine is used to create pills of three colours. It is equipped with double press rollers and double impellers that increase the rate of flowability and feeding performance. These systems increase the filling accuracy. Moreover, its cleaning and maintenance is easy.

        Compressed Pill Pressing Machine

        Compressed Pill Pressing Machine

        Allpack Compressed Pill Pressing Machine

        This type of pill pressing machine is used in the food industry for compressing biscuit powders into biscuits. High pressure is applied on the biscuit powders by the upper and lower punches to undergo compression. These biscuits have extended shelf-life and they have freshness for a longer time.

        Effervescent Pill Pressing Machine

        Effervescent Pill Pressing Machine

        Allpack Effervescent Pill Pressing Machine

        This pill pressing machine is used to produce effervescent and aromatic pills. It has the same working principle as that of other pill pressing machines. It has advanced technology and is operated with the latest rotary system. It produces big-diameter, fizzy, fragrant pills.

        7.What Shapes and Sizes of Tablets Are Pressed by Pill Pressing Machine?

        Pill pressing machine press different shapes of tablets such as:

        Round Pills

        It is a typical shape of pills. These shaped pills are the most common type of pills. These are circular with no corners. These pills are easily produced by regular-shaped tooling. Moreover, these pills are easily shallowed because they do not contain sharp corners.

        Round Pills

        Round Pills

        Oval Pills

        It is the second most frequently available shape of pill. It has an egg or elliptical shape. They have a large surface area than the round pills. So, these can incorporate larger dosages of drugs. Buccal and sublingual pills are available in oval shape.

        Oval Pills

        Oval Pills

        Oblong Pills

        These pills have rectangular shape but with rounded corners. This shape is also called a capsule shape.

        Oblong Pills

        Oblong Pills

        Diamond Pills

        These pills are shaped like two triangles fused. Reproductive disorders are treated by diamond shape pills.

        Diamond Pills

        Diamond Pills- Picture Courtesy: Healthline

        Triangular Pills

        These pills are triangular with three distinct corners. Ecstasy drugs and drugs for psychosis come in triangular pills.

        Triangular Pills

        Triangular Pills

        Square Pills

        They have four equal sides and four corners. Square pills treat asthma.

        Square Pills

        Square Pills- Picture Courtesy: Verywell Mind

        Heart Pills

        These often come as tiny hearts and are utilized for curing heart disorders.

        Heart Pills

        Heart Pills- Picture Courtesy: ColourBox

        Kidney Pills

        These pills are in bean or kidney shape. They are used for treating blood pressure.

        Kidney Pills

        Kidney Pills

        Pentagon Pills

        These pills have five distinct corners. These shaped pills are also called shield-shaped pills. These are often used for treating psychiatric disorders.

        Pentagon Pills

        Pentagon Pills- Picture Courtesy: self.com

        Core Rod Pills

        These pills have tiny circular holes inside them.

        Core Rod Pills

        Core Rod Pills

        Special Shape Pills

        These pills are chewable and are available in star, animal, fruit, etc., shapes. These pills are used for treating mineral deficiencies.

        Special Shape Pills

        Special Shape Pills- Picture Courtesy: Medic

        Size of Pills

        Pills have different sizes, generally, pills are in the range from 1mm to 22 mm. It is recommended by the FDA that pill size must not exceed 22 mm. This is because larger-sized tablets do not pass through the pharynx.

        Mini Sized Pills

        These contain intermediate-acting drugs and are in the size of 1 mm to 5 mm. Buccal and sublingual pills are mini pills.

        Mini Sized Pills

        Mini-Sized Pills- Picture Courtesy: TwentyEight Health

        Standard Size Pills

        Standard pills have dimensions larger than 5 mm but smaller than 22 mm. Many pain-relieving drugs and antibiotics fall under this category. 

        Standard Size Pills

        Standard Size Pills

        Large Sized Tablet

        Effervescent tablets have a larger size which is about 1 inch or 25.4 mm. Pills for ingestion do not come in larger sizes.

        Large Sized Tablet

        Large Sized Tablet- Picture Courtesy:cblive.net

        8.What Tablets Can Be Produced from Pill Pressing Machine?

        Pill pressing machine can produce diverse types of tablets like:

        Medicine Pills

        Medicine Pills

        Medicine Pills

        These are also called tablets and are routinely used forms of medication. It is consumed orally and has precise and accurate dosages of drugs. They have longer consumable life and lower chances of spoilage.

        Single Layer Pill

        Single Layer Pill

        Single Layer Pill

        It is a routinely used form of medication and it has one layer of the drug so, are also called a single-dose drug. It contains a uniform blend of active pharmaceutical ingredients and excipients.

        Multi-layer Pills

        Multi-layer Pills

        Multi-layer Pills- Picture Courtesy: RÖLTGEN

        It is a special form of pill having multiple layers of active ingredients with different release times. Multi-layer pills also combine different incompatible drugs into a single pill. Different layers of drugs in this pill are shown in different colours.

        Chewable Pills

        Chewable Pills

        Chewable Pills- Picture Courtesy: Making.com

        These pills are not directly swallowed, rather they are first chewed into smaller pieces before ingestion. These are alternative forms of medication and are usually available as nutrient supplements. These chewable pills have an appetizing taste, smell, and colour.

        Effervescent Pills

        Effervescent Pills

        Effervescent Pills- Picture Courtesy: Ocean Property

        These pills are another form of medicine pills. These are not ingested instead they are dissolved in water, emitting carbon-dioxide bubbles, and form a fizzy solution. Vitamins, minerals or other pharmaceutical drugs are available as effervescent pills. 

        Laundry Pills

        Laundry Pills

        Laundry Pills- Picture Courtesy: Urban Ethos

        Pill pressing machine also compresses detergent and other cleaning agent granules to form laundry pills. These pills are used for washing clothes.

        9.Does Pill Pressing Machine Offer Tooling Flexibility?

        Pill Pressing Machine Offer Tooling Flexibility

        Tooling in Pill Pressing Machine

        Yes, tooling versatility is one of the important benefits of the pill pressing machine. Toolings are important components of pill pressing machine and are called pill press tooling. Tooling is the dies and punches in the pill pressing machine that fashions different shapes of tablets.

        Different toolings have different shapes and sizes like normal round, oval, rectangular, and diamond. Moreover, they come with different embedded markings and logos by which different tablets are shaped. Regular tooling creates round-shaped pills. Special shapes or labels on the tooling fashion uniquely designed pills. This will help the manufacturer to overcome the issue of counterfeiting.

        10.Are There Different Turrets in Pill Pressing Machine?

        Turrets in Pill Pressing Machine

        Turret in Pill Pressing Machine- Picture Courtesy: Elizabeth Companies

        There are versatile turrets available in the pill pressing machine. These can be changed according to the design of the tooling. Turrets are interchanged by simply changing their base. This is an easy way to create turret adaptability in the pill pressing machine.

        Besides tooling, turrets are important in the pill pressing operation because they are used for holding both the punch and die cavity. Different numbers of turrets ranging from 15-75 are used in the pill pressing machine. The number of turrets depends upon the size, structure, and productivity of the machine.

        11.How to Maintain Pill Pressing Machine?

        Maintain Pill Pressing Machine

        Maintenance of Pill Pressing Machine

        For efficient operation and long-lasting machine life, it is a must to maintain the pill pressing machine properly. Maintenance increases machine efficiency and reduces downtime. Here is the maintenance schedule just for you:

        Daily Maintenance First, gently clean all the external surfaces of the machine like its frame to remove granule buildup and pill residues. Visually inspect every part of the machine for damage. Tighten loose bolts. Add lubricant if required.
        Weekly Maintenance Clean the machine fully once a week with mild detergent. Pay special attention to machine turret, punches, die, and cam. Oil every mobile part of the machine.
        Monthly Maintenance Conduct a thorough examination of the machine parts. Consider replacement parts if the damage is excessive. Calibrate machine pressure gauge and heating devices. Test the machine safety components and check their working order.
        Yearly Maintenance Replace the parts that show severe damage. Check the working condition of mechanical parts like motors, gears, bearings, etc. Inspect the working order of electric parts like wires, relays, cables, switches, etc. Replace them if needed.

        12.Does the Pill Pressing Machine Comply with Industrial Regulations?

        The answer is yes, pill pressing machine complies with industrial regulations to increase the safety of the operator and the quality of pills. These industrial regulations are:

        GMP

        GMP

        GMP

        This stands for good manufacturing practices. These certifications are vital for pill pressing machine. It ensures that this machine is manufactured following quality standards. It ensures that this machine has ease in cleaning and prevention of cross-contamination, and it processes uniform quality pills.

        FDA

        FDA

        FDA

        Pill pressing machine is manufactured and designed per the guidelines of the FDA. Also, the operation and maintenance of this machine comply with the regulations of the FDA.

        CE

        CE

        CE

        These certification in important for machine sold in the European Union and they ensures the safety and performance of the pill pressing machine. This certification states that the pill pressing machine meets the desired attribute and safety code of conduct.

        ISO

        ISO

        ISO

        Pill pressing machine fulfils the required guidelines, safety regulations, and quality assurance tests imposed by the ISO. It is a fundamental certification recognized globally.

        FAT

        FAT

        FAT - Picture Courtesy: pharmaguideline

        This machine also fulfills the required protocols imposed by the factory acceptance test. It verifies that the working principle of this machine is safe and hygienic.

        13.What are Common Problems in Pill Pressing Machine? How To Remedy Them?

        Common problems in pill pressing machine are due to mechanical issues and formulation errors. However, these problems are easily resolved by understanding them and their causes. Some tips and tricks to resolve them are:

        Sticking of Pills

        Sticking of Pills

        Sticking of Pills- Picture Courtesy: Tianjiu

        Sticking occurs when the raw feed sticks to the exterior of punches due to the presence of granules clump.

        Causes Remedy
        It can occur due to high water content in the formulation and also due to non-uniform punch shape. Reformulate the formulation by adding binder and lubricant. Coat anti-stick agents on the surface of punches. Decrease the moisture content in the formulation.

        Capping

        Capping

        Capping of Pills- Picture Courtesy: Romaco

        It is defined as the incomplete separation of the top part of the pill from the rest of the body.

        Causes Remedy
        The capping issue is caused because of air trapped inside the pill during the compaction process. This could be due to poor compression forces, leading to poor bonding. Lack of binder in pill formulation. Non-uniform distribution of feed because of insufficient granule flow. Increase the compression force for sufficient bonding between granules. Add a binder to the formulation to increase its cohesivity. Decrease the granule size to enhance their flowability.

        Lamination

        Lamination

        Lamination of Pill- Picture Courtesy: Scientist Live

        It is defined as the splitting of pills into different horizontal layers.

        Causes Remedy
        Poor bonding between the granules. High moisture content decreases the stickiness between the granules. Air entrapment also decreases the adhesive between granule layers. Poor compression force also results in poor bonding. Uniformly distributing water content, binder, and granule size increases the bonding between layers. Decrease the water content between granules. Eliminate air by using granulating devices. Increase compaction pressure to optimize the compression process.

        Cracking

        Cracking

        Cracking of Pills- Picture Courtesy: Coloron

        Visible breaks on the surface of the pills is known as cracking.

        Causes Remedy
        Reduced cohesivity due to lower concentration of the binder. High compression force is exerted on the pills. Inadequate lubricant in the pill formulation. Increase the concentration of the binder. Lower the compression force. Increase the concentration of lubricant.

        Non-Uniformity in Weight of Pills

        Non-Uniformity in Weight of Pills

        Non-Uniformity in Weight of Pills

        There is inconsistency in the weight of pills across different batches.

        Causes Remedy
        Inadequate blending of the formulation. There is inconsistency in the size, density, and distribution of granules. Poor flowability of granules in the die cavity. High or low compression force. Properly blend formulation before tableting. Lower the variation in sizes, density, and distribution of granules. Increase the flow characteristics of granules. Ensure adequate compression force during tableting.

        14.What are the Consideration Factors You Should Know When Buying Pill Pressing Machine?

        Pill pressing machine come with a hefty price, so consider several factors to make your investment worth investing in. A list of important things that must be pondered on before purchase.

        Ponder on Production Capacity

        Ponder on Production Capacity

        Production Capacity

        Production capacity is determined by the number of pills produced by the pill pressing machine per hour, which is in turn related to the motor, station, and number of tooling devices. The higher the speed of the motor, the higher will be the production capacity.

        Calculate Your Budget

        Calculate Your Budget

        Budget

        Secondly, after considering your production capacity, calculate the budget required for purchasing the pill pressing machine. It is important because high-speed industrial pill pressing machine has higher price tags. Also, you should not compromise on quality while checking the machine that fits your budget.

        Determine the Shape and Size of Pills

        Determine the Shape and Size of Pills

        Shape and Size of Pills

        Pills are available in various shapes and sizes, so determine your desired shape and size. These two parameters will determine the type of tooling. The latter is specific for the particular shape and size of pills.

        Go For Reputed Manufacturer

        Go For Reputed Manufacturer

        Reputed Manufacturer

        Positive reviews are the measure of the trust of consumers in the quality of service and products. Thus, go for a manufacturer that offers the highest quality products and services by looking through its reviews.

        Conclusion

        No pharmaceutical industry is completed without a pill pressing machine. It is a superb machine commonly employed in pharmaceutical and nutraceutical industries because of its pill-forming characteristics. It is a versatile and precise equipment, producing a higher number of tablets per batch. If you require such equipment, then without delay contact our Allpack customer care, as we have the best pill pressing machine that will aid you in creating excellent quality pills.

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        Tell us your raw material and project budget to get quotations within 24 hours.

        WhatsApp Us: +86 181 7101 8586

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        Tablet Machine-3

        Tablet Machine: The Complete Buying Guide In 2024

        Tablet Machine: The Complete Buying Guide In 2024

        How tablet machine significant?

        In today’ blog post, you will be known about this robust and reliable machine which has wide and broad applications around the globe. Now you can enjoy making tablets of various shape, weights, sizes with professional results by using a tablet machine.

        Tablet Machine

        If you think, it will be an expensive machine or can not afford it. Then you might be wrong. Please read this blog and find out what’s more it offers you to with an astringent amount.

          Add a header to begin generating the table of contents

          1.What is tablet machine?

          Tablet Machine-1

          Allpack Tablet Machine

          So basically, tablet machine is used to compress the granular or powdered material into tablets of different shapes and sizes to ensure uniform distribution of drug. That is why it is called as tablet machine or pill press. This machine is operated by series of steps such a powdered material is placed in die cavity, high pressures are applied and finally formed tablet is ejected.

          Such machines are commonly used in pharmaceutical and other related industries, where precise dosing, large production of batch with consistency and accuracy are required. These are important as they benefit the quality production with improved shelf life and stability. This minimal variation of dosage and sizes also improves the patient compliance because of familiar medication administration.

          2.What are advantages of tablet machine? Why it is Important?

          Precision

          Precision

          Every tablet has an active ingredient which plays a vital role in achieving maximum therapeutic effect, so tablet machines ensure the precise and accurate dosing with desired potency.

          Efficiency

          Efficiency

          The production of large amount of quality product with minimal manufacturing time, this throughput is essential to meet the demands of manufacturer.

          Quality control

          Quality control

          Quality Control- picture courtesy: aaps.ca

          Tablet machine ensures the overall quality of product. Variability within batches is strictly controlled in terms of size, shape weight variation to meet quality standards.

          Convenience

          Convenience

          Convenient equipment

          Tablet machine is preferred over many other equipment just because of convenient presses, and safe formation,

          3.What Industrial applications tablet machine offering its customers?

          Pharmaceutical industry

          Pharmaceutical industry

          Pharma tablets-- picture courtesy: alten.pt

          Tablet machine is the vital part of this industry as it helps to manufacture a vast of array of medications with precise dosing and potency meeting all regulatory requirements.

          Nutraceutical industry

          Nutraceutical industry

          Vitamin supplements

           A supplement such as dietary vitamins, minerals, herbal extracts and bioactive compounds lies in such category. Tablet machines make sure precise dosing to meet consumer and market demands.

          Cosmetic Industry

          Cosmetic Industry

          Pressed powder- picture courtesy: beautymag

          Compressed eyeshades pallets, blushes, foundation cakes are also produced by such machines. These machines ensures the consistent texture and colors of cosmetic formulation to meet consumer demand.

          Confectionary Industry

          Confectionary Industry

          Candy tablets

          In this industry, these machine enables the uniform size and weight of confectionary products such as  candies , mint lozenges to appeal consumers.

          Chemical Industry

          Chemical Industry

          Chemical Tablets

          Tablet machine is used to compressed active chemicals to solid tablet formulation. These tablets are used as catalyst, disinfectants or agrochemicals.

          4.What is classification of tablet machine?

          classification of tablet machine

          Tablet Machine- picture courtesy: Ricardo

          Tablet machines are of various kinds and types , commonly they could be classified on following factors , operating principle, feature  design , production capacity and limitation and their automation level.

          Classification of Tablet Machine-1

          Classification of Tablet Machine

          Operating principle

          Single punch Tablet machine

          Single punch Tablet machine

          Allpack Single Punch Tablet Machine

          These machines are suitable for low scale production or for laboratory use, as it uses only single punch to compress the granulated or powdered material into tablets.

          Rotary Tablet machine

          Tablet Machine-1

          Allpack Rotary Punch Tablet Machine

          These machines are very efficient are highly recommended for large scale production as it as multiple die cavities and punches arranged on a rotating turret. High pressures are applied to compress the powder into tablet. It basically has a platform to hold dies and punches for tablet formation. Therefore, we can classify tablet machines according to turret type either rotary turrets or oscillating turrets.

          Production capacity

          Small scale Tablet machine

          Small scale Tablet machine

          Allpack Single Punch Tablet Machine

           These machines are used for small to moderate level of production volume used mainly in laboratories or small pharmaceutical facilities.

          Medium scale Tablet machine

          Medium scale Tablet machine

          Flower Basket Tablet Machine- Picture Courtesy: Aipak

           These machines are used for larger to moderate production volumes but not suitable for industrial scale.

          High speed tablet Machine

          High speed tablet Machine

          Aipak High speed tablet press

          These machines are capable of producing thousands of tablets per minute, ideal for large pharmaceutical industries where bulk amount of tablet formation is required. In this type, following sub-types of tablet machine are categorized.

          Compressed Biscuit Tablet Machine

          Compressed Biscuit Tablet Machine

          Allpack compressed Biscuit Tablet Machine

          This type of tablet machine is specifically dedicated to manufacturing civilians' and military hard food that stays longer and fresh. This machine is based on rotary working those compresses biscuits and is considered as a key element behind its working.

          Effervescent High Speed Tablet Machine

          Effervescent High Speed Tablet Machine

          Allpack Effervescent High Speed Tablet Machine

          This is kind of double tablet press giving you high production of effervescent tablets with special carving shapes firmly pressed into circular shapes. This machine is capable of producing single, bi-layer or multi-layer tablets which has high demand in medicinal sectors.

          Automation level

          Manual Tablet machine

          Manual Tablet machine

          Manual Tablet Machine

          Such machines are operated manually that means it require manual filling of die cavity with material to form a tablet.

          Semi-Automatic Tablet Machine

          Semi-Automatic Tablet Machine

          Semi automatic tablet machine- picture courtesy: aipak

          These machines are not fully automatic means it requires human intervention in feeding the die and ejecting a tablet.

          Fully automatic Tablet Machine

          Fully automatic Tablet Machine

          Fully automatic Tablet Machine- Picture Courtesy: Aipak

          These types of machines are fully automated, means minimal to no human intervention required in tablet formation processes. All the steps are done by machine itself.

          5.What is machine structure of tablet machine?

          machine structure of tablet machine

          Allpack tablet machine

          Tablet machines comprise of various parts and each part has different function to perform, following are the details.

          Stainless steel hopper

          Stainless steel hopper is made up of alloy which is composed of iron, chromium and nickel. This stainless steel is commonly used in pharmaceutical and food processing because of its anti-corrosive and hygienic properties.

          Transparent sheet

          The transparent sheet made up of polycarbonate or acrylic is used as a protective layer and also provides visibility of the interior of machine and technically prevent from potential hazards.

          Tablet machine turntable

          Tablet machines have a rotating platform for processing or assembling which comprises of compartments or stations where multiple tasks takes place like filling, compression, ejection in tablet formation.

          Press control frequency controller

          This part of tablet machine is responsible for regulating the speed and frequency of Tablet machine. It uses variable frequency drive to adjust motor speed for allowing the adjustments to particular production rates.

          Exhaust outlet

          Every machine has an opening to get rid of excess air , dust or fumes generated during process of tablet formation. This vent keeps the environment safe and clean from air borne particles which could lead to contamination.

          Adjustable filling mechanisms

          In tablet machine you can adjust the amount of material filled in a die mold or cavity by adjustable filling mechanism. With this mechanism we can control the amount of active ingredient dispensed, fill depth capacity, adjustable auger speed so that one could attain the uniformity in weight and accuracy.

          Emergency switch

          To avoid potential hazard or unwanted injuries, there is a prominent button clearly labeled so that one could press to stop the machine is a safety device that when pressed will halts the device in emergency.

          Electric switch

          Electric switch is responsible for power supply to the machine, it has several buttons to turn on or off, adjust specific setting of machines and to activate certain functions.

          6.What is the working of tablet machine?

          The working of the tablet machine involves several steps which are explained below:

          Filling

          Filling

          Filling- Picture courtesy: ipharmachine

          Filling is the first step in which powdered or granulated material is filled into hopper. Hopper led the powder to flow in the feeding unit called as feeding frame. Then feeding frame evenly distribute powder into the die cavity.

          Metering

          Metering

          metering

          Second working step is metering also called as weighing or dosage, in which precise amount of powder id weighed and then lower punch moves upward to remove excess material.

          Compression

          Compression

          Compression- Picture Courtesy: Fluidpack

          Compression is the third step; force is applied to compress powder into tablet. Furthermore, this process involves two steps known as pre compression and main compression.

          In pre compression stage the upper punch descends downward to compress powder slightly and remove air pockets.

          In main compression stage both the punches are brought together with much higher force to compress the powder so that it would attain the shape of tablet.

          Ejection

          Ejection

          Ejection of multi-layer tablets

          Ejection is the last step in which the upper punch moves upward. Lower punch following the upper punch will raise the ejection and the tablets are ejected from the die bore to the scrapper, therefore scrapper will move the formed tablets into the container.

          7.What is tooling of tablet machine?

          To ensure the uniformity in shape sizes weight there are set of components in Tablet machine which are commonly referred as tooling. The primary components of the tooling tablet machines are:

          Punches

          tooling of tablet machine

          Punches of tablet machine

          Punches are the solid metal rod with specific sizes or imprint on it and it is used to compress the powder to form a tablet. There are two types of punches upper punch and lower punch. Upper punches descend from the turret or cam to compress the powder while lower punch rise to eject the formed tablet.

          Dies

          Dies

          Dies of Tablet Machine

          Dies are the solid metal mold which defines the size and shape of the tablets. Dies are arranged in a circular pattern on a turret or a rotary stand on a single punch machine.  Each die consists of a punch cavity the upper die compresses the powder while the lower die ejects the formed tablet.

          Die table

          Die table

          Die Table

          It is a platform where all the dies a mounted. It rotates so that it could adjust the beneath die and adjust the indexes to carry out compression and ejection.

          Die locks

          Die locks

          Die Lock

           Die locks are the phenomena to secure the dies in place during compression. They prevent dies from shifting under high pressure. They also ensure the uniformity in tablet thickness and prevent the damage of tooling.

          Cam tracks

          Cam tracks

          Cam Track

          These are the channels or the grooves in the Tablet machine which ensure the correct placement and movement of the dies and punches during compression and ejection in tablet formation. It also ensures the precise alignment of upper and lower dies and punches.

          8.How to maintain a tablet machine?

          maintain a tablet machine

          Maintaining a tablet machine- Picture courtesy: scientist live

          Daily inspections and regular tunes ups are primarily required for the maintenance of the machine. Waiting for malfunction or unwanted incidents may halt the manufacturing processes which may cause a loss to economy in both ways like not meeting up the consumer requirement plus the wearing and tearing of machine parts.

          Therefore, good preventive measures should be taken, and main principles must be followed,

          • Excessive wear: when parts are not aligning correctly the will start to be wear off and damaged.
          • Erratic compression and inconsistent weight control: it’s also an indicator to check whether machine is working promptly according to intended guidelines.
          • Poor yield: utilization of damaged machine parts mostly results in extra unwanted loss.
          • Migration of product outside zone: this is an indication of poorly adjusted part or utilization of damaged parts or seals.
          • Weird noises: operators must be monitoring unwanted sound and noises or extra vibration which is sign of damaged parts or misaligned parts.
          • Each and every part should be inspected regularly, informal or casual inspection may help to get rid of the problems or the problems are caught early.

          9.What type of tablets can be produced from tablet machine?

          Tablets are readily available in variety of ranges which differ in sizes or shapes. Variable tablet types are as follows.

          Single layer tablet

          Single layer tablet: Single layer tablets are those which have single active pharmaceutical ingredient.

          Bilayer tablets

          Bilayer tablets:  bilayer tablets are made as the first layer with active ingredient is compressed and then other powdered material are kept on formed tablet and compressed together to form a bilayer tablet.

          Multilayer tablet

          Multilayer tablet: multilayer tablet is those which comprises of more than two active ingredient, the purpose of this tablet is to pave off the effective drug delivery system

          Effervescent tablet

          Effervescent tablet: effervescent tablets are carbon tablets normally larger than standard tablet and intended to dissolve in liquids.

          Chewable Tablets

          Chewable Tablets: are those ingested upon chewing and obtain active compounds. 

          Laundry Tablets

          Laundry Tablets: are those used for laundry purposes that produce foaming effects when react with water and cleanse the sticky and hard stains.

          Medicine Tablet

          Medicine Tablet: which is entirely made up of medicinal active pressed firmly by a tablet machine that exerts therapeutic effect upon ingestion.

          10.What are the solutions and problems of tablet machines?

          While working with tablet machine manufacturer must experiences some pitfalls but the expert is one who knows how to overcome the problem.

          Capping of tablet after compression

          Capping of tablet after compression

          Capping- Picture Courtesy: Sciendirect

          This is because of the trapped air inside the die cavity and extra dry nature of the granulated or powdered material. This is overcome by increasing the dwell time of pre compression stage so the it will get extra time to come out. Make the use of enough lubricant for the compression of powder.

          Lamination of tablets

          Lamination of tablets

          Lamination- Picture Courtesy: Merlin Powder

          Over compression or the inappropriate dies can cause the tablet to get cracked. So to avoid this one must enhance pre compression time to lead powders to stick together. To avoid lamination, tapered dies must be used.

          Tablet particles stick to the punch or tip heads

          Tablet particles stick to the punch or tip heads

          Particles stick to the punch- Picture Courtesy: Pharm Tech

          This is one of the major serious issues caused when particles from inside are wet , not dried completely tend to stick to punches. Sometime punching tools are also responsible for particles picking. Solution to such problem is increasing the pre compression dwell time for complete drying up of particles. After wet granulation particles must be given extra drying time. Regular polishing of pinches and dies will also reduce the tablets sticking to their heads.

          Tablets binding happen inside the die restricting the way for tablet ejection

          Tablet fails to ejects

          Tablet fails to ejects- Picture Courtesy: Tablet and capsule

          When too much binding agent is used this leads the tablets to hold itself to die cavity and end result is a crumbled tablet when ejected. To avoid this problem binding and lubricating agent must be added carefully, and also makes sure that mixture is well dried.

          Tablets friability

          Tablets friability

          Tablet Friability- Picture Courtesy: Biogrund

          When the granule with no fine powder is used, less binders are used, high compression speed is set, these all may encompasses the various problems of tablets in packaging, delivery, and coating. Solution to this problem is simple and easy, just use correct number of binders and maintain a suitable compression speed. Furthermore, also reduce the size of granules.

          Conclusion

          A tablet machine is mandatory not only for pharmaceuticals company but also for various field of manufacturing. Machine is offering promising production with even weight and sizes of tablets using correct and refined configurations to meet your expectations. When choosing a tablet machine, consider Allpack to get programmable equipment in a pocket friendly manner. Please contact us for more information & support.

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          CONTACT US

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          Tablet Machine: The Complete Buying Guide In 2024 Read More »

          Tablet Machine Press-3

          Tablet Machine Press: The Complete Buying Guide In 2024

          Tablet Machine Press: The Complete Buying Guide In 2024

          Is your business related to tablet manufacturing? Does your process involve usage of a tablet machine press for making different types of tablets? Are you looking for a high quality and efficient tablet machine press? Does your system require a tablet machine press to enhance productivity and meet customer expectations?

          Tablet Machine Press

          If you want to know more related to a tablet machine press; then you are on the right platform. You will get all related information that will help you in selecting the right type of tablet machine press. Go through the complete guide and get solutions to your queries.

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            1.What Is A Tablet Machine Press?

            A Tablet Machine Press

            Automatic Rotary Tablet Press Machine

            A tablet press machine is highly efficient and precise equipment used to produce uniform sized tablets of different shapes and formulations.

            Pharmaceutical, food, cosmetics and chemical industries widely apply these machines in their tablet forming processes to get desired outputs with high productivity rate. These machine presses are mostly used in large scale industries where bulk tablets are produced with accuracy and same dosage formulation.

            2.What Are The Industrial Applications Of A Tablet Machine Press?

            Industrial Applications Of A Tablet Machine Press

            Due to its ability to produce large numbers of tablets in a short period of time, a tablet machine press has variety of applications in daily life. Most of the industries that prefer these machines for their operations are:

            Pharmaceutical Industry

            Pharmaceutical Industry

            Pharma Applications Of Tablet Machine Press - Picture Courtesy: Adinath International

            Pharmaceutical industry widely uses tablet machine press for producing mass number of tablets with different tablet formulations. Each of the tablets has its own chemical composition and used to diagnose its relative disease. These machines are used due to their ability to form accurate drug content tablets keeping the dosage unique throughout the process. Also, tablets are of effective designs with brand name punched on it during production

            Food & Nutraceutical Industry

            Nutraceutical Industry

            Whole Food Multi-Vitamin - Picture Courtesy: Wholesome

            Other than pharmaceutical industry, food and nutraceutical industries also have several applications of a tablet machine press. It is used produced different types of vitamins and minerals supplements that are consumed to improve physical health conditions. Some flavored candies and mints that in the shape of tablets are also produced using these machines.

            Chemical Industry

            Chemical Industry

            Agricultural Tablets For Farm Growth

            Chemically processed tablets that are employed in chemical, agricultural and refinery industries are manufactured using a tablet machine press. These tablets are used to enhance industrial process, fertilize agricultural lands and increase reaction rates respectively.

            Cosmetics Industry

            Cosmetics Industry

            Hand wash Refill Tablets- Picture Courtesy: Jason

            In terms of cosmetics, tablets that are used to promote human health both internally and externally are ideally produced using a tablet machine press. Unique types of tablets used for body wash purpose like fizzy coloring tablets and skin care tablets are also produced in an efficient way.

            3.What Are The Advantages Of A Tablet Machine Press?

            Some of the advantages of a tablet machine press are:

            Efficient Production

            Efficient Production

            Multi-Vitamin Tablets- Picture Courtesy: Efficient Group

            The most important benefit of a tablet machine press is that it gives high rate of production in just a short interval of time with pure efficiency and precision. From loading of material to ejection of tablets, the complete process is performed in an efficient way without any chances of risk or improper formulation.

            Uniformity

            Uniformity

            Uniform Tablet Punching - Picture Courtesy: Pharmaceutical Online

            Each of the tablets produced in a tablet machine press is of same shape, size and dosage formation. This benefit makes the machine to ensure proper uniformity and consistency throughout the process that as it remain crucial of human health.

            Dosage Control

            Dosage Control

            Control Dosage Formation - Picture Courtesy: NB

            A tablet machine press is capable of controlling dosage of different types of medicines in a precise manner that no over or under filing of material can be found.

            Versatility

            Versatility

            Pharmaceutical Dosage Form - Picture Courtesy: Walrus Health

            A tablet machine press is versatile in a way that numbers of tablets can be produced in a single machine and there is no need to buy different machine for different shapes and sizes. Variety of formulations can easily be handled in it by just changing the turret size or dies according to the required shape.

            4.What Are The Different Types Of Tablets Are Processed In A Tablet Machine Press?

            Variety of tablets can be processed in a tablet machine press irrespective of their chemical composition and texture. These tablets highly obey regulatory compliances and international standards during their formation. Few of them are:

            Chewable Tablets

            Chewable Tablets

            IROWHIZ Plus Chewable Tablets - Picture Courtesy: Whiz Laboratories

            Tablet machine press is also designed in a way that chewable tablets consumed by children can be produced in it easily. Supplements made of vitamins and antacids are included in the category of chewable tablets.

            Effervescent Tablet

            Effervescent Tablet

            Benefits Of Effervescent Tablets - Picture Courtesy: Wellbeing Nutrition

            Effervescent tablets are the tablets that contain sodium bicarbonate or citric acid in them that play their role as an effervescent agent. These tablets can easily be produced using effervescent type rotary tablet machine press that allows the impact remain for a longer period.

            Laundry Tablet

            Laundry Tablet

            Laundry Washing Machine Tablets - Picture Courtesy: Wash Wink

            Laundry or solid tablets that are used for washing or detergent purpose are also manufactured using a tablet machine press. It completely dissolves in water and releases its active ingredient that supports in clean and authentic neatness of cloths and cottons.

            Medicine Tablet

            Medicine Tablet

            Antibiotics Tablets - Picture Courtesy: Anhui Medipharm Co. Ltd.

            Simple pharmaceuticals tablets that contain an active ingredient and can easily be swallowed are termed as medicine tablets. These are punch in different shapes and size depending upon their stability and used for specific medical treatments.

            Single Layer Tablets

            Single Layer Tablets

            Single Layered Tablet - Picture Courtesy: Medelpharm

            Tablets that have a single layer of powder and compressed with force to form a tablet are single layer tablets. These are coating further to improve their stability and to make their taste remain for longer durations.

            Multi-layer Tablets

            Multi-layer Tablets

            Formulating Bi-Layer Tablets

            Tablets with more than one layer of different formulations are called bi or multi layered tablets. These are consumed for treatment of controlled diseases with having more than one drug in its layer. Antidiabetic and antihypertensive drugs tablets are the example of multi-layered tablets.

            5.How Is A Tablet Formed In A Tablet Machine Press?

            A Tablet Machine Press-2

            Application Of Rotary Tablet Machine Press - Picture Courtesy: SED Pharma

            A tablet machine press has following operational steps in formulation of a tablet:

            STEP 1: Material Feeding

            In the initial stage the formulated material in the form of powder or granule is filled into the hopper present at the top of a tablet machine press. From here the material in a homogeneous manner passes the feeding system and is entered into the die cavity.

            STEP 2: Compression

            In the second step once the material settles down properly in the die cavity, both the upper and lower punches are forced to compress the material to form the desired dimension and shape of tablet.  Certain pressure is exerted so that the formation may be carried out in a controlled atmosphere and no material spillage may occur.

            STEP 3: Ejection

            The last step of a tablet machine press is ejection of tablets. Once the tablets are properly pressed according to the desired shape and size, the ejection system gets activated that removes the tablet from the die cavity. A conveying mechanism is incorporated here for travelling and collection of these tablets.

            6.What Are The Types Of Tablet Machine Press Available Globally?

            Tablet machine presses are classified on the basis of their working, production capacity and product type. Some of the common types of a tablet machine press are

            Types Of Tablet Machine

            Based On Working

            Single Punch Tablet Machine Press

            Single Punch Tablet Machine Press

            Single Punch Tablet Machine Press - Picture Courtesy: SED Pharma

            Single punch tablet machine press is mostly used in small scale industries where the productivity remains low. This type of machine presses only a single tablet in the die cavity in a single punch and allows the second once it gets completely ejected from the system. The punching capability of this type of machine ranges 55 to 90 tablets per minute.

            Flower Basket Tablet Machine Press

            Flower Basket Tablet Machine Press

            High Pressure Flower Basket Tablet Machine Press - Picture Courtesy: Changzhou Machinery

            A flower basket tablet machine press is also used in small scale industries where smaller batches or tablets are produced. These machines are highly versatile that it can be used for electronics components, coffee pill formation and other tablets formation regardless of their nature.

            A flower basket tablet machine has both force feed and compression principle that supports in efficient manufacturing of tablets. The working wheel of machine looks like a flower and this is why it is named according to it.

            Rotary Tablet Machine Press

            Rotary Tablet Machine Press

            Rotary Tablet Machine Press

            This type of tablet machine press is the most featured and arranged equipment that can accumulate large number of tablets in shorted periods. The turret of a rotary tablet machine press continuously moves and allows the feeding material to the die cavities. With series of punch sets, variety of shapes and sizes are punched in a single round. These machines are mostly used in large scale industries where the productivity remains high.

            Based On Capacity

            Depending upon the production requirement, tablet machine press is divided into two types

            Small Capacity Tablet Machine

            Small Capacity Tablet Machine

            Low Capacity Tablet Machine Press - Picture Courtesy: Aipak

            As the name indicates, this type of tablet machine press is designed for low-capacity manufacturing facilities that produce tablets for either testing or research purposes. Different types of granular or powdered material can easily be punched to produce many kinds of tablets.

            Large Capacity/High-Speed Tablet Machine Press

            High-Speed Tablet Machine Press

            High-Speed High Capacity Series Rotary Tablet Machine Press - Picture Courtesy: Aipak

            A high-speed tablet machine press allows more than one tablet formation in a single round. It is most suitable for mass production setups where a greater number of tablets are produced in a shorter period. It is applicable to both medium and large-scale industries that produced irregular tablets, round shaped tablets and double sided engraved tablets.

            Based On Products

            Some of the tablet machine press are also classified depending upon the product they produce. Example of such type are:

            Compressed Rotary Block Tablet Machine Press

            Compressed Rotary Block Tablet Machine Press

            Rotary Block Press (Compressed Biscuit Making Machine) - Picture Courtesy: Aipak

            This type of tablet machine press is used in food industry due to compressed biscuits manufacturing. The biscuit powder undergo high pressure compression applied by both upper and lower punches and as a results gives tablet like compressed biscuits. These biscuits are used for a longer period as it remains fresh and preserved.

            Effervescent Rotary Tablet Machine Press

            Effervescent Rotary Tablet Machine Press

            Effervescent Rotary Tablet Machine Press - Picture Courtesy: Aipak

            Some of the tablet machine presses also produce effervescent and aromatic tablets. These tablets are produced in a way that their aroma remains preserved for longer periods. It is a highly advanced machine that is developed with latest rotary mechanism in it.

            Multi-Color Tablet Machine Press

            Multi-Color Tablet Machine Press

            Multi-Color Tablet Machine Press - Picture Courtesy: Aipak

            Multi-color tablet machine press is used to produced large number of tablets with more than two colors in its formation. These machines have double press rollers in their structure that supports compression of multi colored layers with precision and accuracy.

            7.What Are The Main Components Of A Tablet Machine Press?

            Components Of A Tablet Machine Press

            Components Of A Tablet Machine Press – Picture Courtesy: Aipak Pharma

            Some of the components of a tablet machine press are

            Hopper

            It is the main part of the feeding mechanism in a tablet machine press that holds the powdered or granule material used for tablet formation. The hopper is mostly made-up of stainless steel so that contamination can be avoided and it can be used for a longer period.

            Organic Glass

            The outer most transparent glass surface is made up of organic glass in a tablet machine press. This organic glass contains acrylic material composition that helps in safe guarding the inner part of the machine from external microbes or environmental factors.

            Rotary Table

            In a rotary tablet machine press, a rotary table is the place that contains the die cavities, upper and lower punches and cam turrets that are responsible for making of tablets. The upper punch moves up and down continuously for tablet formation whereas the movement of turret allows new material to enter and formed tablets to exit the system.

            Adjusting Handle

            The adjusting handle is used to adjust the speed of the rotary table and prevents material spillage.

            Cam Truck

            Cam Truck

            Tablet Press Cam Truck

            Cam trucks are the one that supports and guide the movement of punches. Both of the upper and lower punch movement is first guided so that the material can be filled accurately first and then compressed to produce tablets.

            Die Cavity

            Die Cavity

            Die Cavities Of Tablet Machine Press - Picture Courtesy: Aipak

            It is a hollow surface that is responsible to store the powdered or granular material in it that is to undergo tablet manufacturing. A die cavity is designed according to the shape of tablet and can easily be replaced for variety of batches.

            Punches

            Punches

            Right Type Of Punch And Dies - Picture Courtesy: LFA Tablet Presses

            Punches are mostly made up of stainless steel and in pair of upper and lower punch. Once the material is filled in the die cavity, both the punches compress the material with a certain force to form tablet.

            Tablet Adjuster

            Tablet Adjuster

            Tablet Adjusting Mechanism - Picture Courtesy: LFA Machines

            To avoid over and under filling of material, tablet adjuster is there to maintain the level of material and regulates the excess amount of tablet to maintain the composition and formulation.

            Compressing Unit

            Compressing Unit

            Tablet Compression - Picture Courtesy: Pharma Education

            A compressing unit a tablet machine press helps in providing the compression force in an automatic manner. The pre-compressor force exits air content from the die cavity and the main compressor force helps in forming tablets.

            Operational Panel

            An operational contains all the machine controls that are involved in the manufacturing of tablets. The speed of turret, upper and low punch, material feeding speed, temperature and other controls are present here that are directly in contact with the operator so adjustment can be done when required.

            Discharge Port

            This is the place from where the completely punched and produced tablets are taken out of the system. The discharge port acts as an ejection system in a tablet machine press.

            Danger Button

            A danger button is used in case of any emergency or machine failure. It directly stops the whole process and avoids any unwanted incident.

            Electric Box

            The relays and other electrical connection of a tablet machine press are present in the electrical appliance box that support machines working.

            The electrical power whether its 110V, 220V or 440V is supplied to the machine through this power plug. It is used to power up the machine to perform its operation in a smooth manner.

            8.What Is Tablet Tooling Of Tablet Machine Press?

            Tablets tooling has the most fundamental role in tablet formation as it specifies which type, size and shape of tablet will be formed. The tablet tooling of a tablet machine press contains the die cavities and both upper and lower punches that are the essential blocks of any tablet formation. These can easily be changed according to the requirement.

            Die Cavity

            Die Cavity-1

            Die Table Of Tablet Machine

            The die cavity holds both the upper and lower punches that are fixed with a turret. It is mostly made up of metal and has a defined shape and size according to that of a tablet. These are arranged properly to perform the compression process in an efficient manner.

            Punches

            Punches-2

            Tablet Compression Tooling - Picture Courtesy: VORTEX

            With the spinning of this turret, the upper punch moves downward to perform compression. The lower punch on the other hand holds the material that is to be compressed. The tablet tooling performs a synchronous operation for every punch so that each of the tablets remains identical and uniform.

            9.What Are Different Diameter Of Tablet Dia Used In Tablet Machine Press?

            Diameter Of Tablet Dia

            Tablet Die And Punches Of Different Dia- Picture Courtesy: Shree Bhagwati

            Different diameters of tablets dia are used in a tablet machine press according to the size and shape of tablet. These are mainly classified into B, D, BB and DB with standard barrel and outer diameters for lower and upper punches. The standard sizes of these tooling types are

            S.NO Tooling Type Tablet Punch Barrel Diameter Tablet Outer Diameter Of Die
            1 D 25.40 mm 38.10 mm
            2 B 19.00 mm 30.16 mm
            3 DB 19.00 mm 24.00 mm
            4 BB 25.40 mm 30.16 mm

            These standards diameters of tablet tooling are used depending upon the size and shape of any manufacturing batch.

            10.How Can Different Sizes Of Turrets Used In A Single Tablet Machine Press?

            Sizes Of Turrets

            Tablet Press Turret - Picture Courtesy: Elizabeth Companies

            Yes, Turret is a highly versatile equipment that it can easily be changed with respect to the tablet tooling set. They are interchangeable by easily swapping the base and allow the operator to adjust them according to the requirement. In this way a single machine can accommodate variety of turrets with flexibility.

            In the operation of a tablet machine press, turret plays an important role as it is responsible to hold both the punch set and die cavity. Different types of machine use different number of turrets depending upon their productivity and structural support. A turret can support die sets ranging from 15 to 75 depending upon the size of machine.

            11.What Are The Major Differences Between A Handheld Tablet Press And A Tablet Machine Press?

            Handheld Tablet Press And A Tablet Machine Press

            Difference Between Handheld And Tablet Machine Press

            Some of the differences between a handheld tablet press and tablet machine press are:

            S.NO Parameter Handheld Tablet Press Tablet Machine Press
            1 Structure A handheld tablet press is smaller in size and can easily be moved from one place to another. It is lighter in weight and mostly made up of stainless steel to prevent corrosion. The structure of a tablet machine press is quite complex as it has various components involved in tablet press process. These machines are designed in a way that continuous production can be support without any involvement of operator.
            2 Productivity Handheld tablet presses are operated by the operator and this is why its productivity is very low. The speed of the operator is directly related to the outcome of press. Highly automated machines are now available that ease the manual operation and run the process in a smooth manner. Thousands of tablets can be produced in just a small fraction of time.
            3 Precision Due to the involvement of operator, the precision and accuracy of tablet formation remain limited as compare to the tablet machine press. Inconsistency can also be observed if the operator does not monitor the process continuously. The productivity remains highly precise and accurate with consistent material composition in each of the tablet. Uniform tablets are produced using a tablet machine press.
            4 Application Handheld tablet presses are applied in industries that have small scale production volume or for research and development purpose. Both medium and large-scale industries are the users of tablet machine press where tablets are produced in bulk quantity.

            12.How Can The Efficiency Of Tablet Formation Remain Same Using A Tablet Machine Press?

            It is always a crucial thing to maintain the efficiency of a tablet machine press same throughout the process so that tablets of identical shape and accurate composition can be formed. Some of the important factors to consider are:

            Compression Force

            Compression Force

            Healthcare Medication- Picture Courtesy: Freepik

            It is always important to check the applied compression force of upper and lower punch after a certain production batch. It is done to ensure that no over or under force is applied in tablet formation and the efficiency of system remains same.

            Uniform Depth Filling

            Uniform Depth Filling

            Uniformity In Tablets - Picture Courtesy: Natural Products Insider

            Each of the tooling die cavity must be filled to its depth so that the desired tablets can be formed in an efficient manner. If the depth is not filled properly it will give uneven and improperly formed tablets.

            Right Type Of Tooling Set

            Right Type Of Tooling Set

            Tablet Tooling Sets - Picture Courtesy: Elizabeth Companies

            Before performing tablet formation, it is always important to ensure that the right type of tablet tooling sets is fit into the turret. If this is not observed keenly than it can result a bulk amount of material loss.

            13.How To Maintain A Tablet Machine Press For Its Smooth Operation?

            A Tablet Machine Press For Its Smooth Operation

            Operation And Maintenance

            A tablet machine press can be maintained by following ways:

            Preventive Maintenance

            Preventive Maintenance

            Preventive Maintenance- Picture Courtesy: Korsch

            It is always important to maintain a preventive maintenance chart and decide its frequency. Each of the part of a tablet machine press should be monitored according to its turn and replace if required to maintain the efficiency of the system.

            Lubrication

            Lubrication

            Lubrication of Movable parts

            As a tablet machine press has few moveable parts, it is important to keep them lubricated so that any type of wear and tear can be avoided. It can help in long usage of these parts in an efficient and precise way.

            Controlling Excessive Wear

            Controlling Excessive Wear

            Controlling Excessive Wear- Picture Courtesy: Korsch

            One of the important factors that can support in maintaining a tablet machine press is control of excessive wear. If the alignment of punches or die cavity is disturbed, it will automatically result in inconsistent movement and the compression process cannot be carried out in a smooth manner. It is always important to control this wear so that the operation can be performed efficiently.

            Conclusion

            A tablet machine press has variety of applications due to its high reliability and tablet formation features. It produces highly precise and uniform tablets of various sizes and shapes. But when it comes to buying a tablet machine press it is always important to understand its applications, types available and all related information. For this, Allpack is always here to provide you assistance and guidance related to a tablet machine press. If you still have any query feel free to contact our customer representatives that are available 24/7 for your guidance.

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            Tablet Machine Press: The Complete Buying Guide In 2024 Read More »

            Rotary-Tablet-Machine-2

            Rotary Tablet Machine: The Complete Buying Guide In 2024

            Rotary Tablet Machine: The Complete Buying Guide In 2024

            With unprecedential advancements in technology, manufacturers are now looking forward for sophisticated equipment to boost their production instead of just switching the mode from manual to automatic. In such a scenario, when focus is more on efficiency, precision, and performance a rotary tablet machine is always the best choice for making tablets.

            Rotary Tablet Machine

            Rotary Tablet Machine is a complex machine designed with innovative features to tackle tablets manufacturing targets. It can raise your current output rate to the best possible one. But, how it can be possible with a single machine? What is the exact working mechanism of a rotary tablet machine? Are there further models of a rotary tablet machine? Just take a pause, as we are about to answer all of these queries. So, let's get started!

              Add a header to begin generating the table of contents

              1.What Is A Rotary Tablet Machine?

              A Rotary Tablet Machine

              Allpack Rotary Tablet Press Machine ZP-5B

              Rotary tablet machine, also known as multi-station tablet press, is an electric machine created to compress powders and granules into tablets. The machine uses automatic technology to carry out this task in a way where the dry mixture is precisely poured into relevant die cavities, compressed hardly, and the formed tablets are ejected out of machine.

              This machine is highly efficient in its production while taking care of dosage. It is made up of GMP's regulated stainless steel body and a protected window. Moreover, it is highly versatile in terms of manufacturing different types of tablets. That's why its significance is realized in almost every sector.

              2.Why Rotary Tablet Machine Is Important In Pharmacy?

              Important In Pharmacy

              Doctor picking drug pack- Picture Courtesy: wolterskluwer.com

              The presence of a rotary tablet machine is inevitable in pharmaceutical industry due to the nature of manufacturing in this field. This machine has gained a position of importance in pharmacy due to multiple reasons among with the prominent one is efficiency.

              Rotary tablet machine produces thousands of tablets in an hour which make it possible to deliver required drugs to patients all around the globe. Another reason is the protection of medication mixture which is highly considered in pharmacy because minor mistake can ruin the effect of drugs. But here the machine is proficient in forming precise tablets.

              3.Write Down The Benefits Of A Rotary Tablet Machine?

              Rotary tablet machine can be advantageous for you in multiple ways. Below highlighted benefits are some of the prominent ones:

              Efficiency

              Efficiency

              Bilayer tablets discharging from machine- Picture Courtesy: ibermaticoss.com

              Rotary tablet machine is known for its consistent working process which ultimately leads to the production of myriad of tablets in a single run. Hence, its efficiency can enhance your manufacturing output.

              Safety

              Safety

              Drug safety presentation idea- Picture Courtesy: iStock

              By using a rotary tablet machine, you will not be bothered to take the risk like manually intervening into the operation if spontaneous error occurs, rather pressing emergency button will stop the machine. Similarly, the protected body of machine is highly antibacterial that it safely processes the mixture without modifying its characteristics.

              Convenience

              Rotary tablet machine promotes user convenience due to its easy-to-use operation panel through which operator can communicate with the machine. Moreover, the machine does not require number of labours, but single user is enough to run the machine.

              Resilience

              Resilience

              Bilayer tablets- Picture Courtesy: europeanpharmaceuticalreview.com

              Rotary tablet machine is highly resilient due to its capability to press eclectic sizes and shapes of tablets. Moreover, there is wide collection of rotary tablet machine models which enable you to form bilayer, multilayer, and effervescent tablets.

              Reliability

              Manufacturers look for cost-effective machines to cut the production costs of tablets. In this way, a rotary tablet machine is extremely reliable which requires low maintenance, single operator, and ultimately reducing the additional expenses.

              4.What Type Of Tablets Can Be Made By A Rotary Tablet Machine?

              All kinds of small to large with different sizes and shapes tablets can be made by a rotary tablet machine. Below is the glimpse of these all:

              Single Layer Tablets

              Single Layer Tablets

              Patient holding single layer tablet in hand- Picture Courtesy: usana.com

              Single layer tablet is a standard type of tablet where single Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient is delivered to patients. Such tablets are always perfectly formed by a rotary tablet machine.

              Bilayer Tablets

              Bilayer Tablets

              Bilayer tablets- Picture Courtesy: Fette Compacting

              As the name indicates, bilayer tablets are tablets containing two separate powered mixture compacted together. Their process of formation occurs in a way where first powder mixture is compressed and then second powder mixture is introduced over the formed tablets and compressed together. Such bilayer tablets can be easily made by a rotary tablet machine.

              Multilayer Tablets

              Multilayer Tablets

              multilayer tablets- Picture Courtesy: bharatagritech.com

              Multilayer tablets refer to the tablets having three distinct dosages compacted together. The purpose of making multilayer tablets is to provide three different Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients in a single tablet paving the way for effective drug delivery. Therefore, a rotary tablet machine is capable to form multilayer tablets.

              Effervescent Tablets

              Effervescent Tablets

              Effervescent tablets- Picture Courtesy: solife.blog

              Effervescent tablets are also called carbon tablets which are extra large in size than standard tablets. They are designed to quickly dissolve in liquid, therefore, most of the effervescent tablets contain calcium dosage and energy dosage. Here, it is pertinent to mention that a rotary tablet machine can be used to form effervescent tablets.

              5.How Does A Rotary Tablet Machine Function?

              The working process of a rotary tablet machine is based on certain steps where a turret moves in rotary direction and lead the powder to turn into tablets. This process can be better understood in by reading the underlying explanation:

              Rotary Tablet Machine Function

              Filling

              Filling

              Powder Filling- Picture Courtesy: LFA Machines

              The first step is filling where bulk powder or granules mixture is filled into the hopper of machine. From hopper, the powder flows to feeding unit known as feed frame. This feed-frame then evenly distribute the powders into each passing die cavity.

              Metering

              Metering

              Powder Metering- Picture Courtesy: LFA Machines

              The second step is metering which is also known as dosage or weighing. In this step, the precise amount of powder is weighed after which the lower punches move upward to remove excess powder from die bore.

              Compression

              Compression

              Tablets compression- Picture Courtesy: LFA Machines

              In third step, the upper and lower punches are brought together with force to form the tablets. The compression stage can be further divided into pre-compression and main compression.

              In pre-compression, the upper punch descends to press powder with little force for creating a slug to remove air pockets. After this, in main compression, both the upper and lower punches are brought together with much force which result in the formation of uniform tablets.

              Ejection

              Ejection

              Tablets ejection- Picture Courtesy: LFA Machines

              In last step, the upper punches move upward followed by the rise of lower punches in ejection can. Similarly, the tablets are ejected out of the die bore towards scrapper. The scraper then moves down the formed tablets down the ejection track into the container.

              6.Describe The Various Components Of A Rotary Tablet Machine?

              Rotary tablet machine consists of several components which together help the machine to form tablets making function. These parts are explained below in detail along with the main task each perform. So, consider the following description:

              Various Components Of A Rotary Tablet Machine

              Components of Allpack ZP25 effervescent rotary tablet press machine

              Hopper

              Hopper is sometimes called the feeder system of a rotary tablet machine. You will always find the location of a hopper on the top side of machine. The number of hoppers depends upon the type of machine; however, the common hopper is one or two in number. It provides the machine with dry powdered or granulated mixture.

              Stainless Steel Body

              The body of the machine is compact and robust that greatly contributes to supporting a stable operation. It is made up of GMP's regulation stainless steel material, which is fully protected against bacteria and corrosion, therefore, material is processed inside it.

              Rotary Table

              Rotary table is the core component of a rotary tablet machine which distinguishes it from other types of machines. The table itself is made up of further parts including:

              Turret:It is the vital part of a rotary tablet machine with round structure having multiple holes where dies and punches are adjusted. During tablets compression, this turret rotates and lead dies and punches to compress powder.

              Punches:Rotary tablet machine has two punches; upper punch and lower punch. These are durable stainless steel rod type tools having on their tips or heads the specific shape. Punches are vital in compressing powders into tablets through exertion of force.

              Dies:Dies are among crucial components of a rotary tablet machine. They are small round tools with a single or multiple grooves where the lower and upper punch meet in order to compress the powder into tablets.

              Compression Rolls:Compression rollers are cylindrical rollers who perform the function of pressing powder. They are two in number including pre-compression rolls and main compression rolls. The former compress powder to remove air, while as, the latter exert excessive pressure to form tablets.

              Cam Tracks:As the name indicates, cam tracks are tools which provide track for the synchronized movement of punches.

              Organic Glass

              Rotary tablet machine has a transparent protected window that enable the user to monitor tablets making process without touching it.

              Operation Panel

              Operation panel is a board containing touch screen display and certain knobs through which the user set commands in machine such as the quantity of powder for each tablet, the thickness of tablets, and compression force etc.

              Emergency Stop

              Emergency stop is a red colored large size button located on the front of a rotary tablet machine. It is a safety switch used to shut down the machine in an emergency.

              Electric Appliance Box

              It is consistent the most vital component of a rotary tablet machine where all the electrical components are collectively placed for supporting smooth functioning.

              Adjusting Handle

              Adjusting handle is used to modify the force of compression roller.

              Discharge Chute

              This part of machine is responsible to exit the formed tablets from machine into a collection container.

              7.Are There Any Types Of A Rotary Tablet Machine?

              There are multiple types of rotary tablet machine available in market today. This wide classification has been introduced to meet the growing demands on part of manufacturers. So, let's explore these types in detail!

              Types Of A Rotary Tablet Machine

              According to Automation

              Automatic Rotary Tablet Press Machine

              Automatic Rotary Tablet Press Machine

              Automatic Rotary Tablet Press Machine

              Automatic rotary tablet press machine is the most advanced form of rotary tablet machine. It is fully automatic in technology with production output reaching the figure of 17000 tablets per hour. This machine can be integrated with other machines to further enhance the efficiency.

              Structure

              The structure of machine is robust and complex which is an assembly of several small to large components. These include a stainless-steel body, transparent window, control system, electric enclosure, turret, hopper, punches, dies, compression rollers, and a touch screen penal.

              Working Process

              It is fully automatic, therefore, automatically dispense the powder from hopper onto feed frame and die cavities simultaneously. Afterwards, the pre-compression and main compression take places. At last, the formed tablets are removed out from die bores through ejection.

              Semi-Automatic Rotary Tablet Press Machine

              Semi-Automatic Rotary Tablet Press Machine

              Semi-Automatic Rotary Tablet Press Machine

              Semi-Automatic rotary tablet press machine is small design machine with good production capacity of producing 1000 tablets per hour. The machine is easy-to-use and cost-effective in price. Different small to medium size industries can take advantage of this machine.

              Structure

              The structure of machine is small made up of several components including a metallic base, stainless steel hopper, turret, control board, compression rollers, and a motor etc.

              Working Process

              The machine is manually loaded with powder formula and powered on. It then automatically fills the die cavities, compresses the powder and eject formed tablets from die bore and discharge into the laying container.

              According to Sides

              Single Sided Rotary Tablet Press

              Single Sided Rotary Tablet Press

              Single Sided Square GMP Mini Tablet Press- Picture Courtesy: deepujpharmamachinery.com

              Single sided rotary tablet machine is a common type of machine with single hopper and single rotary table. However, despite being a single sided equipment this machine can give you excellent production rate of compressing 4800 to 18000 per hour.

              Structure

              The structure of machine is medium size compared to double sided rotary tablet machine. It mainly consists of a single hopper, one turret, operation panel along with certain knobs, and an electric appliance box.

              Working Process

              It follows the conventional working procedure by filling the dies with powder. Afterwards, precise amount of powder is kept inside the dies and rest is removed. The filled powder is then compressed to form tablets. When the punches reach to ejection cam track, the formed tablets are ejected from the machine.

              Double Sided High Speed Rotary Tablet Press

              Double Sided High Speed Rotary Tablet Press

              Double Sided High Speed Rotary Tablet Press- Picture Courtesy: deepujpharmamachinery.com

              This is another type of a rotary tablet machine which is tailored with excellent tools and double rotary punches to achieve utmost productivity. In this machine, the powder is fed into two turrets from double sides. Therefore, its production efficiency is double than a single rotary tablet machine with compressing 2,66,400 tablets in an hour.

              Structure

              The structure of machine is a composite whole of double turrets, two hoppers, four adjusting handle, enclosed body, control system, and electromechanical tools etc.

              Working Process

              It simply works in a way where one hopper is responsible to provide powder to the die cavities located in upper turret, while as, another hopper feed the die cavities of the lower turret. Similarly, both these turrets undergo compression stage and ultimately, discharge the compressed tablets through single discharge chute.

              According to Layers

              Bilayer Tablet Compression Machine

              Bilayer Tablet Compression Machine

              Bilayer Tablet Compression Machine- Picture Courtesy: deepujpharmamachinery.com

              Bilayer rotary tablet machine is featured with innovative technology to form bilayer tablets by compressing two formulations into single tablet. It has high efficiency level and can be used in nutraceucal, pharmaceutical, and food industries.

              Structure

              This machine has relatively a precise body with several parts accounting for its construction including two funnels, single turret, pre-compression and main compression rollers, multiple adjusting handles, and electric enclosure etc.

              Working Process

              It works by infusing the first formulation into die cavities and compress them. The turret them move and leading these die cavities to be filled with second formulation. After this, the main compression exert force on punches leading the creation of uniform bilayer tablets. Finally, tablets are ejected from the dies.

              Multilayer Tablet Press Machine

              Multilayer Tablet Press Machine

              Multi Layer Tablet Press Machine- Picture Courtesy: deepujpharmamachinery.com

              Multilayer tablet press machine is the most updated model of a rotary tablet machine with the ability to form three-layer tablets. It greatly ensures the precision of each dosage layer with the help of integrated sampling facility for weighing and checking. Moreover, it can be employed in food, medical, and chemical industries.

              Structure

              It consists of three hoppers, heavy-duty machinery, feeder system, compression rollers, emergency stop, turret, control panel, and discharge chute etc.

              Working Process

              The working process of a multi layer tablet machine is a bit unconventional with intermittent filling of powders into dies and their subsequent compression. Firstly, individual powder mixtures are poured in separate feeding hoppers. Secondly, when the turret start moving, one powder mixture is filled in die cavity and get compressed.

              This die cavity is then filled with another powder mixture and compressed where two layers get formed. Thirdly, the same die cavity is then filled with distinct powder mixture and a final compression take place. Finally, the formed tablets are ejected and discharged.

              8.Differentiate Between Rotary Tablet Machine And Single Punch Tablet Machine?

              Rotary tablet machine and single punch tablet machine are used for making tablets but their structure, working process, and many other aspects are different from each other. Therefore, we have explained these differences in the table below for your clear understanding:

              No Factors Rotary Tablet Machine Single Punch Tablet Machine
              1 Definition Rotary tablet machine is a multi station rotary press machine that compress powder with upper and lower punch. Single punch tablet machine is the earliest form of a tablet press machine with single punch.
              2 Structure Its structure is complex and containing different components. While as single punch tablet machine is small in size and consists of fewer parts.
              3 Number of punches It has set of upper and lower punch. On the other hand, this type of machine has only a single upper punch.
              4 Process Its process is convenient due to automation but has several stages. In contrast, the working process of a single punch tablet machine is straight forward.
              5 Speed It is highly efficient with capacity of producing 800 tablets in a minute. In contrary, this machine can compress 80 tablets per minute.
              6 Cost It is expensive than a single punch tablet machine. While as, this machine is cost-effective.
              7 Picture A Rotary Tablet Machine

              Allpack Rotary tablet press machine ZP-7B

              Single Punch Tablet Machine

              Allpack TDP series Single punch tablet press

              9.What Are The Uses Of A Rotary Tablet Machine?

              A rotary tablet machine has extensive applications which can be better understand by looking into the below highlighted sectors:

              Pharmaceutical Industry

              Pharmaceutical Industry

              Coated oblong tablets- Picture Courtesy: tabletscapsules.com

              Rotary tablet machine is widely used in pharmaceutical industry to meet the excessive need for producing different kinds of tablets and pills with varying shapes and sizes.

              Nutraceucal Industry

              Nutraceucal Industry

              Nutraceucal drugs display- Picture Courtesy: depositphotos.com

              As the growth rate of nutraceucal industry is surpassing other sectors, it can be said that demand for formation of large number of tablets is also growing. Hence, a rotary tablet machine is inevitable to fulfill this production target.

              Veterinary Industry

              Veterinary Industry

              Doctor treating a dog- Picture Courtesy: stock.adobe.com

              Tablet is considered the most convenient and desirable form of dosage which can be easily swallowed by pets and animals as well. Therefore, veterinary industry uses a rotary tablet machine to make abundant tablets.

              Food Industry

              Food Industry

              Malt tablets packaging- Picture Courtesy: roscela.com

              Among other areas food sector is the notable one. Here, you will find number of confectioneries in form of bilayer and multilayer tablets like milk tablets, chocolate tablets, and other tablets made from compacting salt and dyes. So, a rotary tablet machine can be used in various food industries.

              Chemical Industry

              Chemical Industry

              Chlorine tablets in hand- Picture Courtesy: tennisamatoriale.it

              The application of a rotary tablet machine can also be found in chemical industry where chemical powders are compressed to form tablets and then used for different purposes. In this way, chlorine tablets are the common example.

              Pesticide Industry

              Pesticide Industry

              Tree & shrub tablets- Picture Courtesy: marriedtoplants.com

              We are familiar with the fact that the health of plants is always in danger due to harmful pests and insects. That's why different techniques have been employed to tackle this issue by restricting the access of these organisms to plants. Similarly, pesticides have been enclosed in tablets for which a rotary tablet machine is used.

              10.How To Examine The Quality Of A Rotary Tablet Machine?

              In order to examine the quality of a rotary tablet machine, you can simply check the certifications of the company. In this way, below highlighted quality standards are internationally recognized ones whose compliance will indicate that the machine is made up of quality material:

              Quality Of A Rotary Tablet Machine

              ISO

              International Organization for Standardization is an international organization established to ensure the credibility and safety of goods and products. Therefore, if a rotary tablet machine is ISO certified, it is made up of quality material.

              GMP

              Good Manufacturing Practices is yet another platform created to guarantee the hygiene and purity of a rotary tablet machine. So, a machine complying with GMP regulations will be of high-quality standard.

              FDA

              Food and Drugs Administration is USA based agency with primary goal to provide safe and healthy drugs and associated equipment. Therefore, a rotary tablet machine which is used for making drugs must meet with the FDA's rules.

              CE

              CE is the collective marking of European Union made to allow the mobilization of only those products which are conforming the Union's health, safety, and environmental protection standards. Hence, presence of this mark on a rotary tablet machine will strengthen its quality.

              11.What Machines Can Be Integrated With A Rotary Tablet Machine?

              Rotary tablet machine can be integrated with other machines to facilitate larger production output. The list of these machines has been provided below:

              Tablet Deduster Machine

              Tablet Deduster Machine

              Allpack Top rotation type tablet deduster machine SZS230

              Tablet deduster machine is one of the essential equipment that can be attached to a rotary tablet machine. It is used to remove out the dust and residues from tablets after their pressing. It consists of a main frame, chassis, vacuum device, dust collection plate, infeed, and outlet etc. It works by following the principle of vibration.

              The mechanical force generate vibration which results in tablets scattering and moving over perforated plate. At this point, the dust is collected through vacuum device and tablets are free from dust.

              Tablet Coating Machine

              Tablet Coating Machine

              Allpack tablet coating machine BYA-600

              Tablet coating machine is another equipment that can be integrated with rotary tablet machine. It is employed for coating the tablets with thin coating film. Several components constitute its body including a coating pot, heating device, control panel, and machine base etc. It coats the tablets by continuously rotating them in a coating chamber where fluidized coating formula is sprayed over the tablets resulting in even coating.

              Tablet Counting Machine

              Tablet Counting Machine

              Allpack APC-8 Automatic Tablet Counting Machine

              Tablet counting machine is the most important machine which go side by side with rotary tablet machine. It has been designed with automatic technology to count the tablets through sensors and vibratory trays and then fill these counted tablets into various bottles and containers. It is made up of several parts comprising a hopper, vibratory channel, counting compartment, filling head, and automatic detection system.

              Blister Packaging Machine

              Blister Packaging Machine

              Allpack DPP-180H High Speed Tablet/Pill/Capsule Alu Alu Blister Packaging Machine

              It is a primary packaging machine mostly used for tablets packaging. This blister packaging machine is used to create blister packs in round or oblong shape to hold tablets and pills. The machine uses, film roll, thin aluminum foil, heating system, and detection system to precisely form the blister packs, accurately place the tablets in blister packs, and seal them through aluminum foil.

              12.How To Maintain A Rotary Tablet Machine For Smooth Functioning?

              Regularly maintaining your rotary tablet machine can enhance the working life of the machine and also keep its pace at good condition. In this way, below discussed are some of the notable tips whose following will help you achieve the maintenance of a rotary tablet machine:

              Rotary Tablet Machine For Smooth Functioning

              Lubricating mechanical parts of machine- Picture Courtesy: geartechnology.com

              Dusting & Cleaning:No doubt, cleaning is the obligatory part of maintaining a rotary tablet machine. So, you need to dedust the parts of machine after the machine complete one round and wash these parts when daily task gets done. These parts include the hopper, fill parts, compression rollers, dies and punches. Parts like control panel, handle, and control board can be wiped out with cloth.

              Lubrication:Lubrication is another important step in maintenance of a rotary tablet machine. Here, you need to lubricate the transmission parts of machine-like rollers to improve their motion fluency.

              Parts Changeover:After cleaning and lubrication, it is significant to have a look towards the damaged parts of machine. If you find components in unsuitable condition, then make sure to timely change them with new spare parts.

              13.Troubleshoot The Common Pitfalls Of A Rotary Tablet Machine?

              When operating a rotary tablet machine, it might show malfunctions that can lead to bigger challenges like tablets breaking and capping etc. These pitfalls are caused due to technical issues that occur inside the machine. To troubleshoot these errors timely you need to have relevant knowledge about it which is given in the table below:

              No Pitfalls Causes Solutions Pictures
              1 Tablets capping happening after compression The reasons are trapped air inside die cavity and the excessive dry nature of powder. It can be tackled by increasing the dwell time of pre-compression stage, so, the air will get more time to come out. Also, make sure the powder has enough lubrication to make it compact. Tablets capping happening

              Capping of tablets- Picture Courtesy: romaco.com

              2 Lamination of tablets Over compression is the core reason for lamination of tablets where they get cracked. Another reason can be the use of inappropriate dies. So, you need to enhance the pre-pre-compression time to lead powders stick together and use tapered dies which are best for avoiding tablets lamination. Lamination of tablets

              Laminated tablets- Picture Courtesy: sciencedirect.com

              3 Tablets particles stick to the punch tips or heads It is one of the serious issues that occurs as a result of particles being wet from inside leading them to stick to punch head. In some cases, the punching tools are also responsible for particles picking. The solution lies in properly drying the powder mixture after its wet granulation tool place. Moreover, increasing the dwell time of pre-compression roller will give time to powders for drying. Along with that, daily polishing of punching tools will highly reduce the chances of tablets sticking to their heads. Tablets particles stick

              Tablets sticking to punches heads- Picture Courtesy: researchgate.net

              4 Tablets binding happen inside the die restricting way for tablets ejection Too much binding agent causes tablets' sides to take hold in die cavity which can make them crumble when ejected. Reduce the lubrication or binding agent in tablets and make sure the mixture is well dried. Tablets binding happen

              Tablets with rough sides- Picture Courtesy: asme.org

              5 Tablets friability Tablets’ friability leads to challenges in their coating, packaging and delivery. It has various reasons encompassing the low number of binders, excessive compression speed, and large granules with no fine powder. Solution is simple, you need to add sufficient binders into mixture, reduce the compression force of machine to suitable level, and reduce the size of granules. Tablets friability

              Broken tablet- Picture Courtesy: eastmedpharmacy.co.nz

              14.What Are The Instrumental Considerations For Purchasing A Rotary Tablet Machine?

              Purchasing a rotary tablet machine means including in your production line a determiner who will determine critical things about your business such as the manufacturing output, size and shapes of tablets, and cost of production. So, make sure you are choosing this machine attentively!

              Production Capacity

              Production Capacity

              Capacity puzzle- Picture Courtesy: adults.ccinform.co.uk

              The first and most critical factor to look for is the production capacity which you are planning to have. Since, there rotary tablet machine is available both in automatic, semi-automatic, single sided and double sided form, you can opt according to your needs.

              Shape & Size of Tablets

              Size of Tablets

              Different sizes & shapes of tablets- Picture Courtesy: shutterstock.com

              Another crucial consideration comes on part of the tablets' shape and size. Here, you have to pick for right assembly of punches and dies whose specifications are compatible to your desired ones.

              Type of Feeding System

              Rotary tablet machines come with two types of feeding system: open feeder and closed feeder. Open feeder has poor flow ratio, which is good for granulated mixture compression, while as, closed feeder has fluent feeding frequency and is suitable for powders. So, make sure you opt for the rotary tablet machine with an intended feeding system.

              15.What Is Allpack Line Of Rotary Tablet Machines?

              Allpack is providing a suitable collection of rotary tablet machines. Have a look towards it!

              No Machine Production Capacity Per Minute Number of Dies
              1 Allpack rotary tablet press machine ZP-5B

              A Rotary Tablet Machine

              9000 tablets 5
              2 Allpack Rotary tablet press machine ZP-7B

              A Rotary Tablet Machine

              12600 tablets 7
              3 Allpack Rotary tablet press machine ZP-9B

              A Rotary Tablet Machine

              16200 tablets 9
                Allpack Rotary tablet press machine ZP-7B

              A Rotary Tablet Machine

              17000 tablets 11

              Conclusion

              We are wrapping up this buying guide about a Rotary Tablet Machine with great enthusiasm and a hope that you have found this piece of writing a helpful one. Rotary tablet machine is the answer to all problems that are being faced by today's manufacturers in medical field, food sector, and pesticide industry. It is the most updated version of tableting machinery as proved by the above discussed vast classification of a rotary tablet machine. So, now it's your turn to revolutionize your tablet making business. If you are eager to learn more, stay in contact with us!

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              Tell us your raw material and project budget to get quotations within 24 hours.

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              Handheld Tablet Press-3

              Handheld Tablet Press: The Complete Buying Guide In 2024

              Handheld Tablet Press: The Complete Buying Guide In 2024

              Are you a business owner that involves usage of a handheld tablet press? Are you interested in buying a high-quality handheld tablet press to improve your productivity? Are you interested in investing in a handheld tablet press? Does your industry involve tablet pressing process? Want to know more regarding a handheld tablet press? This is the forum where you can get all the related information that will support you in selecting the right type of handheld tablet press. Read the complete guide to resolve your queries.

                Add a header to begin generating the table of contents

                1.What Is A Handheld Tablet Press?

                Handheld Tablet Press

                Handheld Tablet Press

                A handheld tablet press is a portable equipment used in various industries to manually compress powdered or granular materials into tablets.

                It has a press mechanism, die cavity, and a handle for manual operation, making it ideal for small-scale or laboratory applications. These presses provide a simple and cost-effective way to produce tablets with precise dimensions and consistent weight.

                2.What Are The Applications Of A Handheld Tablet Press?

                Applications Of A Handheld Tablet Press

                Allpack Handheld Tablet Press Applications

                Handheld tablet press has numerous uses depending upon the size and shape of tablets. Some of the applications of a handheld tablet press are

                Pharmaceutical Industry

                Pharmaceutical Industry

                Formulating Pharma Tablets - Picture Courtesy: PharmaTech

                Pharmaceutical industry widely uses handheld tablet press for its clinical trials and initial testing purpose. Some of the small-scale pharmaceutical industry also applies handheld tablet press to produce efficient and unique type of tablets. Many clinical trials are also carried on using a handheld tablet press as it can be easily adjusted for different formulations and produce accurate samples.

                Herbal Industry

                Herbal Industry

                Herbal Tablets - Picture Courtesy: Candy Room Sweets

                Herbal industry also uses handheld tablet press to make precise and consistent dosage of medicines. This helps in preventing material loss and also standards the productivity with keeping the quality consistent in each tablet.

                Nutraceutical Industry

                Nutraceutical Industry

                Manufacturing Nutraceutical Tablets - Picture Courtesy: Nutraceutical Business

                Formulation of supplements and vitamins produced in nutraceutical industries are mostly carried out using a handheld tablet press. These tablets are produced for testing and research purpose in small scale industries. Press is feasible to use and also efficient in producing nutraceutical tablets.

                Cosmetics Industry

                Cosmetics Industry

                Glutathione Niacinamide Beauty Tablet - Picture Courtesy: APLB

                Most of the skin and health care tablets produced in cosmetics industry are manufactured using a handheld tablet press. These tablets are easily produced by high quality pressing and material mixing capability of a handheld tablet press.

                Fertilizer And Agricultural Industry

                Fertilizer And Agricultural Industry

                Tree Grow Fertilizer Tablets- Picture Courtesy: Northwoods Tree Farms

                Fertilizers and pesticides that are important for the growth of plants to provide them a controlled growth and to keep insects away are also processed using a handheld tablet press. Agricultural sector uses these handheld tablet presses for formulation of unique types of tablets.

                Research And Development Labs

                Research And Development Labs

                Research & Development - Picture Courtesy: Bora Pharmaceuticals

                Handheld tablet press is also used for on field research and development purposes. They are used in field applications or remote places where larger-scale tablet pressing equipment is unavailable or unfeasible.

                3.What Benefits You Can From A Handheld Tablet Press?

                There are several advantages of a handheld tablet press. Some of them are

                Flexibility

                Flexibility

                Flexible Use Of Handheld Tablet Press

                Handheld tablet press is highly efficient when it comes to their mobility and accommodation. These can easily be moved from one place to another and are flexible in handling. Handheld tablet press allows quick changes to formulas and forms. Tablets of any size and shape can easily be produced using a handheld tablet press.

                Handling

                Handling

                Handheld Tablet Press - Picture Courtesy: Automatic Rotary Tablet

                The press has simple operation that does not requires any expert training. The controls are provided and guided for exact tablet compression.

                Customization 

                Customization

                Design Tablet Tooling

                Another benefit of a handheld tablet press is that it can be changed easily according to the required shape and size of tablet. The machine is easy to customize by just changing the die cavity of required tablets within a small fraction of time.

                Waste Reduction

                Waste Reduction

                Several Efficient Medical Tablets Designs

                Handheld tablet press ensures that no material of tablet is send on account of wastage and also reduced material spillage. It maintains the composition of tablets and saves a lot of resources.

                4.What Types Of Tablets Are Processed In A Handheld Tablet Press?

                Some of the types of tablets that are processed in a handheld tablet press are

                Immediate And Extended Release Tablets

                Extended Release Tablets

                Immediate Release Tablet - Picture Courtesy: XenoFarma

                Abundantly, pharmaceutical tablets are processed using a handheld tablet press globally. Immediate and extended release tablets are mostly processed in a handheld tablet press to maintain their effectiveness and quality. The drugs are used for quick and gradual cure of diseases respectively.

                Chewable Tablets

                Chewable Tablets

                Chewable Tablets - Picture Courtesy: PharmaTech

                Some of the formulated tablets are difficult of inhale. For this purpose, modern research and development has introduced chewable tablets that are easy to swallow and also have different flavors that can help in their easy intake.

                Vitamin Supplements

                Vitamin Supplements

                Vitamax - Picture Courtesy: Nutrifactor

                Most of the tablets that contains vitamins or minerals can easily be processed using a handheld tablet press. It ensures their accurate formulation and also helps in saving important material from wastage. Most of the nutraceutical and cosmetics industry use handheld tablet press for processing of vitamins and minerals tablets.

                Lozenges

                Lozenges

                Strepsils Orange With Vitamin C Lozenges - Picture Courtesy: Strepsils

                Handheld tablet presses are also compatible with variety of lozenges that are made up of active pharmaceutical ingredients. This equipment can easily produce lozenges medications that are used mostly for throat and mouth diseases that make them easy to swallow or chew.

                5.What Is The Working Procedure Of A Handheld Tablet Press?

                Working Procedure Of A Handheld Tablet Press

                Handheld Tablet Press Working – Picture Courtesy: Powder Process

                A handheld tablet press typically involves following working steps in its operation

                Step 1: Formulation 

                Initially the powdered or granular components are formulated that are to be used for the preparation of a tablet.

                Step 2: Material Filling

                Once the formulation is done the die cavity of a handheld tablet press is filled with evenly distribution of prepared formulation so that the composition remains the same in each tablet.

                Step 3: Compaction

                Manual pressure is used to condense the formulation into a tablet shape within the die chamber of a handheld tablet press.

                As a result of this pressure the tablet is forms within the die cavity and it is then removed from the die cavity with the ejection mechanism.

                Step 4: Tablet Ejection

                The tablets are collected to ensure their quality which included their size, shape, weight and consistency. The same process is repeated to continue the process.

                6.What Are The Different Types Of Handheld Tablet Press Available Globally?

                Globally there are various types of handheld tablet presses available which are used to produce different types of tablets

                Single Punch Handheld Tablet Press

                Single Punch Handheld Tablet Press

                Single Punch Handheld Tablet Press

                One of the simplest types of a handheld tablet press that only uses a single punch for tablet formulation is a single punch handheld tablet press. A single punch handheld tablet press is used in small scale industries where low productivity volume is present.

                Multi Punch Handheld Tablet Press

                Multi Punch Handheld Tablet Press

                Hand Operated Multi Punch Tablet Press

                A multi punch handheld tablet press is used to produce more than one tablet at a single punch. The presses have multiple turrets and die cavities that rotate to compress the formulation into tablets. A multi punch handheld tablet press is used in small scale pharmaceutical industry to produce to enhance their productivity.

                Manual Cam-Operated Handheld Tablet Press

                Manual Cam-Operated Handheld Tablet Press

                Manual Cam-Operated Single Punch Handheld Tablet Press

                A manual cam-operated handheld tablet press is simple to operate and much user friendly as compare to other types of handheld tablet presses. It is ideal for small-scale or for on field applications.

                Hydraulic Handheld Tablet Press

                Hydraulic Handheld Tablet Press

                Hydraulic Handheld Tablet Press – Picture Courtesy: Global Pharma

                A hydraulic handheld tablet press uses hydraulic pressure to provide fine control tablet formation and is perfect for high-speed and large-scale manufacturing processes. This compact press is ideal for producing single tablets.

                7.What Are The Main Components Of A Handheld Tablet Press?

                Main Components Of A Handheld Tablet Press

                The Main Components Of A Handheld Tablet Press

                A handheld tablet press has a simple structure consisting of following parts

                Die Cavity

                The die cavity is the area in which the tablet formulation is entered to form a tablet. Here the punches are squeezed to produce tablets of the specified shape and size.

                Punch

                A handheld tablet press has two types of punches an upper punch and a lower punch. The upper punch is a part that exerts pressure on the formulation within the die chamber. Whereas the lower punch is the section of press that supports the die chamber and aids in tablet compression.

                Handle

                A handle is used for manually operating the press and applying pressure to compress the tablet formulation.

                Die Holder

                In the structure a die holder is that holds the tablet press components including the die cushion and die cavity. It offers stability while the operation is performed.

                8.What Are The Major Differences Between A Handheld And A Rotary Tablet Press?

                Handheld And A Rotary Tablet Press

                Differences Between A Handheld And A Rotary Tablet Press

                Both handheld and rotary tablet press is used for tablet formulation and has same basic mechanism. Some of the differences between these two types of tablet press are:

                Description Handheld Tablet Press Rotary Tablet Press
                Operation A handheld tablet press has mostly single punch for tablet formation. It uses manual intervention to form different types of tablets. The formulation is entered in the die cavity and pressed manually to form tablet. Whereas a rotary tablet press uses a turret with multiple die pockets that can compresses the powder or granules into tablets as the turret rotates. Automatic and semi-automatic processes are carried out in an efficient manner.
                Machine Structure A handheld tablet press has a simple and small structure with a handle and a die cavity to press tablet formulation. Manual process is done by the operator in an easier way. The structure of rotary tablet press is complex as compare to handheld tablet press as it contains multi layered dies, punches and feeding system. All combine to form large number of tablets in a small fraction of time.
                Production Capacity Only 5 to 10 tablets are formed in a minute depending upon the efficiency of the operator. The rotary tablet press is basically designed in a way that is can fulfill requirement of large-scale industries. Thousands of tablets are produced in a single minute with a greater efficiency and precision.

                9.How Different Die Sizes Are Adjusted In A Single Handheld Tablet Press?

                Single Handheld Tablet Press

                Manual Single Punch Tablet Press - Picture Credit: CECLE Machine

                Different sizes and shapes of tablet require different dies and punches for their formation. For these tablets, a single handheld tablet press can be suitable by just changing both the upper and lower punches of die cavity. These punches can easily be removed and are interchangeable with other sets. Each die set has its particular size and shape that makes it appropriate to handle and use when required.

                Discuss following points are suitable for adjusting punch die in a tablet press:

                Die Replacement

                Die Replacement

                Die replacement- Picture Courtesy: Natoli

                This is the first thing that comes in mind when talking about adjusting die. Yes you need to replace the whole die with older one. This is involved with manual removal of die by twisting the mold followed by newer die changeover.

                Adjusting Lower Punch

                Adjusting Lower Punch

                Lower Punch of tablet Press

                Many handheld tablets press are featuring adjustable lower punch with variation in thickness and diameter. This is the most flexible way as this is fast and easy.

                Turret Rotation

                Turret Rotation

                Turret Rotation

                By rotating turret, die of different sizes can be adjusted and allows a quick changeover.

                Modern tablet presses are featured with tool free adjustments of dies with high working efficiency.

                10.What Are the Major Differences Between A Handheld And An Automatic Tablet Press?

                Handheld And An Automatic Tablet Press-2

                Some of the major differences between handheld and automatic tablet press are:

                Parameter Handheld Tablet Press Automatic Tablet Press
                Working Operation Complete operation in a handheld tablet press required manual intervention that is to perform all tasks. From material loading to ejection of tablet, all of the process is done manually. In an automatic tablet press, majority of the process steps are performed by the machine itself. The machine gets the material from the hopper or container, presses it in between die cavities and then ejects them out of the system once they are fully prepared.
                Controlling From adjustments of die to production of tablets, the operator is responsible for the controlling of a handheld tablet press. Machine is responsible for the task performing whereas the system parameters like speed, dispensing time, flow and other are feed by the operator that are used in controlling the operation.
                 

                 

                 

                Efficiency

                The overall efficiency of a handheld tablet press remains low and completely relies of the expertise of the concern operator. Where an automatic tablet press has complete automatic processes, the overall efficiency of the system remain top the mark in each of the produced tablet. Completely aligned and synchronized production is carried throughout the operation.
                Productivity The productivity of a handheld tablet press remains very low as it depends on the performance of operator that supports small scale industries only. High level large scale industries prefer automatic tablet press where the production requirement remains high. These machines can produce thousands of tablets in an hour.

                11.How To Maintain A Handheld Tablet Press?

                Maintain A Handheld Tablet Press

                How To Maintain Handheld Tablet Press

                Lubrication

                To maintain a handheld tablet press it is important to lubricate its moving part with oil or grease that makes it easy to move for a longer period. If lubrication is not done on proper basis it can damage the parts both internally and externally.

                Cleaning

                One of the most important ways to maintain a handheld tablet press is to clean it properly after every batch or designated duration. As tablet powder can remain left in the die cavity therefore it is necessary to clean it properly and regularly to maintain the efficiency of tablets. Formulation and composition of tablets can also get affect if it is not cleaned properly.

                Calibration Of Die Cavities

                With certain pressure, die cavities or punches of a handheld tablet press can transform its shape that can be dangerous sometimes. It is always necessary to check the dimension of these punches and die cavity to maintain the quality and shape of any tablet. Otherwise, it can create a greater loss to the manufacturer.

                Conclusion

                A handheld tablet press gives significant usage when it comes to tablet formation and R&D purpose. It is always important to understand the uses, advantages, and operational methods of a handheld tablet press before buying it. Allpack is always here to provide you complete information related to a handheld tablet press and helps you in buying the best type of press. For any query contact our customer representatives that are available 24/7 for your guidance.

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                Tablet Making Machine

                Tablet Making Machine: The Complete Buying Guide In 2024

                Tablet Making Machine: The Complete Buying Guide In 2024

                Did you know that tablets are the most popular form of dosage? You may be wondering how? The reasons not only stood at their relatively convenient manufacturing and low production cost but also their esthetic appearance and precision of dosage. That's why medical industries whether pharmaceutical, nutraceutical or veterinary tend to adopt this way for delivering their drugs.

                Tablet Making Machine-1

                In this way, the use of a Tablet Making Machine becomes inevitable leading the manufacturers to discover the machine in order to make its use the best one. Therefore, this buying guide about a Tablet Making Machine has peculiarly composed to assist you in your struggle and provide every possible information regarding it. So, make sure not to miss any part of it!

                  Add a header to begin generating the table of contents

                  1.Define A Tablet Making Machine?

                  A Tablet Making Machine

                  Allpack ZP5/7/9 Top Quality of Single Punch Tablet Press Machine

                  Tablet making machine is a durable and compact machine that entails various loots and components to perform the function of tablet making. The machine process dry powder or granulated formula in a way that their precise volume is pressed with much exertion inside a die cavity through punches. In this way, powder turns into solid tablets.

                  The machine is designed in a unique way to give all the tablets and pills the same weight, structure, and homogeneous size. Therefore, it is vital in pharmaceutical, nutraceucal, and animal care industries where accuracy in dosage is the condition for quality manufacturing.

                  2.What Are The Various Features Of A Tablet Making Machine?

                  No doubt, a tablet making machine comes with substantial features which ultimately become its benefits. Let's explore them in detail:

                  High Accuracy

                  High Accuracy

                  Stacked precise tablets- Picture Courtesy: freepik.com

                  Tablets is the most popular and desirable form of medication dosage why? It is because the quantity, weight, and density of tablets are consistent. This consistency is the feature of a tablet making machine which conducts extraordinary precise and accurate tablets making both in terms of structure and hygiene.

                  Production Efficiency

                  Production Efficiency

                  Production efficiency indicator- Picture Courtesy: vietnambix.com

                  The multi-station turret of tablet making machine greatly assist in uninterrupted process of tablets formulation. This ultimately increases the ratio of tablets produced per hour.

                  Affordable

                  Tablet making machine is affordable as it does not require additional labours but only one operator is enough thus reducing labour cost. Moreover, the machine has low maintenance cost.

                  Flexibility

                  Flexibility

                  Various sizes of round tablets- Picture Courtesy: shefinds.com

                  Another specification of a tablet making machine is that it is extremely resilient and flexible. By mere changing the turret tools and modifying machine's parameters, you can make different sizes and shapes of tablets.

                  Reduce Waste

                  Reduce Waste

                  Tablets along with powder medication formula

                  Manual tablet making not only consumes your valuable time but also leads to much waste of product as well. However, with tablet making machines the product waste is limitize to greater extent.

                  3.Enlist The Kinds Of Tablets Produced By A Tablet Making Machine?

                  Most of the manufacturers get confused when they confront the question about tablet making machine's sphere of processing. However, it has a simple answer that this machine can produce all kinds of tablets which are explained below:

                  Different Shaped Tablets

                  Different Shaped Tablets

                  Group of tubular and round tablets- Picture Courtesy: goodrx.com

                  Tablet making machines can be used to form any shape of tablets depending upon the mould of die cavity and punches. The common shapes which can be processed by using this machine include round, square, oval, triangle, cylindrical, heart shaped and many others.

                  Different Sized Tablets

                  Different Sized Tablets

                  Different sized round tablets

                  Tablets are most preferred dosage form because of the ease in delivering small to medium and large quantity of medication. That's why a tablet making machine can simply be employed to form all sizes of tablets and pills.

                  Effervescent Tablets

                  Effervescent Tablets

                  Effervescent tablets with tube- Picture Courtesy: glassdoor.com

                  Effervescent tablets are also called carbon tablets which are designed to provide quick intake of dosage where the tablet is quickly dissolved in water. As these tablets are large sized and round in shape, a separate effervescent tablet making machine has been introduced to form these tablets.

                  Different Colored Tablets

                  Different Colored Tablets

                  Double colored tablets- Picture Courtesy: depositphotos.com

                  Tablets come in uni color, dual color, or multicolor depending upon the dosage. Here it is surprising to say that a triple layer tablet can be made by a tablet making machine but yes, this machine is capable to do so.

                  4.How Would You Explain The Working Principles Of A Tablet Making Machine?

                  The working principles of a tablet making machine vary according to machine type. Below describes method is used by a single punch tablet making machine:

                  Working Principles Of A Tablet Making Machine

                  Filling

                  In the initial step when the machine is powered on, the filling of powder or granules takes place. It occurs in a way, that upper punch moves upward, and lower punch moves downward creating the cavity in die. Similarly, the cavity is filled with dosage and excess powder gets out of the die.

                  Compression

                  Compression

                  Tablets compression process- Picture Courtesy: www.korsch.com

                  In the second step, powder inside die cavity is compressed by the upper punch resulting in creation of compact and solid tablets. Here, the thickness and hardness of tablets depends upon the pressure exerted by the upper punch in a hammering position.

                  Tablets Ejection

                  Tablets Ejection

                  Tablets ejection- Picture Courtesy: www.korsch.com

                  Ultimately, the pressed tablets are now ejected from the cavity through a spindle which moves upward and remove out the tablet. These tablets are discharged through chute and the same cycle of tablet making continues till the desired production is achieved.

                  5.What Components Constitute The Structure Of A Tablet Making Machine?

                  A tablet making machine is a heavy-duty machine that assemble in it various parts. What are these different components, and which function they perform is what we have answered below:

                  Structure Of A Tablet Making Machine

                  Components of Allpack ZP25 effervescent rotary tablet press machine

                  Hopper

                  A hopper is a large stainless-steel pot or container where the powered or granulated mixture is poured prior to operation.

                  Organic Glass

                  Organic glass is a transparent window surrounding the rotary table. It helps in ensuring the pollution free compression of tablets and at the same time allows operator to observe the processing.

                  Stainless Steel Body

                  The body of the tablet making machine is made up of a durable stainless steel. It is a material mainly used in tablet making machines due to its high level of protection against corrosion, bacteria, and support easy cleaning way.

                  Rotary Table

                  Rotary table is the core component of a tablet making machine. It consists of certain tools which actually perform the tablet making function. These include:

                  Punches:Punches are hard objects comprised of upper and lower punches. They are used to turn the powders and granules into different shapes of tablets through punching.

                  Die Cavity:Die cavity is the hollow workpiece where the punching of tablets takes place. The die cavity determines the size, thickness, and diameter of tablets.

                  Cam Truck:It is responsible to guide the position of tablet punches during rotation.

                  Discharge Chute

                  A discharge chute is a small stainless-steel port on the side of machine that aids the process of tablets' discharging after compression. Through this, finished tablets are ejected from the machine to the collection container.

                  Operation Panel

                  Operation panel is a long board comprised of different knobs and buttons which allows the user to control and operate machine by setting its parameters.

                  Emergency Stop

                  It is sometimes called a danger button that is located on front of the machine and is easily accessible to operator. Whenever the machine starts malfunctioning, pressing this button will result in stopping the machine quickly.

                  Electric Appliance Box

                  As a tablet making machine has fitted motor and other electrical components to regulate the operation, an electric appliance box is the part where all these tools and machinery have been placed.

                  Adjusting Handle

                  Adjusting handle is an important part of the tablet making machine which is used to increase or decrease the tablet’s compression force. Moreover, the number of powders or granules to be used for each tablet is adjusted through this handle. Therefore, it determines the weight and density of tablets.

                  6.Describe The Different Types Of Tablet Making Machine?

                  Tablet making machine comes in different types which can be better understand by looking into the underlying classification:

                  Types Of Tablet Making Machine

                  According to Automation

                  Fully Automatic Tablet Press Machine

                  Fully Automatic Tablet Press Machine

                  Fully Automatic Tablet Press Machine Zpt-27D

                  A fully automatic tablet press machine is an excellent equipment employed to make the tablets of all shapes and sizes. It supports extremely safe and dustproof formation of tablets. The machine can also be directly integrated with other machines to enhance production efficiency. Moreover, it can make 81000 tablets per hour.

                  Structure

                  The structure of the machine is compact and vertical composed of different tools and components such as dual hoppers, a turret, discharge port, power button, electric enclosure, touch screen penal, and adjust handles etc.

                  Process

                  It follows an automatic way for making tablets. The precise dosage of powdered or granulated mixture is gradually introduced into dia cavity. Proceeding further, the dosage is punched by upper and lower punches resulting in creation of tablets. Afterwards, the tablets are ejected from the die cavity and discharged from the machine through discharge port.

                  Semi-Automatic Tablet Making Machine

                  Semi-Automatic Tablet Making Machine

                  Tdp Semi-automatic tablet making machine

                  Semi-automatic tablet counting machine has comparatively low level of automation to make various kinds of tablets. It is cost-effective with small footprint and good output ratio of pressing 6000 pills per hour.

                  Structure

                  It consists of a durable stainless-steel body along with other small components including a fly wheel, feeding hopper, motor, v-belt, drive gear, punching tools, die cavity, and outlook hopper etc.

                  Process

                  The machine is dependent upon the operator to feed it with material and set the parameters. Afterwards, when it is powered on, the machine automatically starts supplying the die cavity with precisely weighed dosage, press it, and discharge it out through ejection. The finished tablets are then collected in a container and manually taken by the operator.

                  Manual Tablet Press Machine

                  Manual Tablet Press Machine

                  Allpack TDP-0 Pharmaceutical Desktop Manual Single Punch Tablet Press Machine

                  It is a manual type of tablet making machine which provides extremely convenient and cost-effective way to turn your powders and granules into tablets. It features multiple shapes for tablets. It can produce 2000 tablets per hour provided that the speed of hand is fast and continuous.

                  Structure

                  It has an extremely small footprint that can be easily placed on any table for processing. The major components include single punch die, small hopper, rotating handle, metallic body, and discharge hose.

                  Process

                  Its working process is simple, requiring one operator to process the machine. The user pour powder in hopper, places the collection container inside discharge hose, and start rotating the side handle. Completion of one round cycle of handle results in the formation of one tablet which is then ejected by the machine.

                  According to Design

                  Rotary Tablet Press Machine

                  Rotary Tablet Press Machine

                  Allpack Rotary tablet press machine ZP-9B

                  Rotary tablet making machine has double movable punches to compress machine. That's why it has a high output ratio and safe operation due to dust free mechanism. Here, the hardness and thickness of tablets depends upon the distance between two punches.

                  Structure

                  The structure of a rotary tablet press machine is a bit complex comprising stainless steel body, adjusting handle, hopper, rotary turret, electric enclosure, and control system etc.

                  Process

                  It works by filling the die cavity with powder after metering the dosage. Afterwards, the upper and low punches collectively excert pressure over the powder from opposite sides which formulate a uniform hard tablet. Finally, the finished tablets are taken out of the machine through discharge chute.

                  Single Punch Tablet Press Machine

                  Single Punch Tablet Press Machine

                  Allpack Single punch tablet press machine THDP-6

                  Single punch tablet making machine refers to the equipment which follows hammer punching mechanism. Unlike rotary tablet making machine, it has a single punch system to form the tablets and the lower punch is immovable.

                  Structure

                  The machine has a comparatively small structure made up of few components including a motor, power button, flywheel, motor, hopper, base, control box, and punching tools.

                  Process

                  Firstly, it feeds the die cavity with powder and then removes the excess material through feed shoe. Secondly, the upper punch compresses the powder by punching. Thirdly, the formed tablets are ejected by the machine.

                  7.What Are The Applications Of A Tablet Making Machine?

                  The application of a tablet making machine can be found in large to small production facilities whether associated with medical background, food sector, or others. Therefore, some of the prominent sectors are enlisted below:

                  Pharmaceutical Industry

                  Pharmaceutical Industry

                  Patient holding tablets bottle

                  Pharmaceutical industry is an area with constant involvement in the drugs testing and production. This is the reason why tablet making machine is the need for small to large pharmaceutical laboratories and industries to make medicated pills and tablets.

                  Nutraceucal Industry

                  Nutraceucal Industry

                  Vitamin E tablets- Picture Courtesy: drnicollemd.com

                  Proceeding further, nutraceucal industry refers to the field where numerous vitamins, minerals, and proteins are assembled in small tablets and pills to help patients get their supplementary diet. Therefore, in the manufacturing of the large volume of nutraceucal pills, a tablet making machine is used.

                  Veterinary Industry

                  Veterinary Industry

                  Doctor treating pet- Picture Courtesy: infoguidenigeria.com

                  Like humans, animals and pets also require proper treatment when get injured and ill. This is how the establishment of veterinary industry took place. Hence, among other drug types, tablets is one of the popular dosage form to treat animals for whose making the help of a tablet making machine is taken

                  Food Industry

                  Food Industry

                  Milk tablets pouch presentation idea- Picture Courtesy: 99designs.com

                  You might have experienced the alluring and delicious tablets in food industries found in multiple colors. These chocolate, milk, and soir tablets are actually made through a tablet making machine which can make dual layer, multi layer, and effervescent tablets as well.

                  Chemical Industry

                  Chemical Industry

                  Chlorine tablets- Picture Courtesy: deepbluepoolsupplies.co.uk

                  The practice of pressing tablets is also carried out in chemical industry for various purposes. Therefore, a tablet making machine can be used to perform this task responsibly.

                  8.How Would You Maintain A Tablet Making Machine?

                  Maintaining a tablet making machine on regular basis is the key for its successful functioning and smooth performance. Therefore, make sure you are following proper maintenance routine for your tablet making machine. For this, consider the following guidelines:

                  Maintain A Tablet Making Machine

                  Operator maintaining machine- Picture Courtesy: har-tech.com

                  Structural Adjustment:Structural adjustment here indicates that your tablet making machine should be well assembled along with all screws tight, dir cavity, and punches on relevant place, and cam truck on right location.

                  Before Operation Maintenance:Before operation maintenance require you to alter the internal parameters of machine each time before starting operation. It will include the quantity of dosage for each tablet, punching force, and time duration etc. Neglecting this step, can result in machine's inaccuracies.

                  Cleaning:Cleaning of the tablet making machine is obligatory to make sure the safe process of tablets. For this, you need to remove the dust and residues from machine through a cloth. Sometimes, the oxidation of dosage material cause machine to rust. Hence, you have to remove it through spraying agent. Moreover, the cleaning of hopper and punches is also necessary which can be done through washing them separately.

                  Lubrication:In order to retain the machine's fluency, you need to keep your tablet making machine all time greased. So, add lubrication oil or grease into transmission parts, belts, and oil cups.

                  Parts Changeover:It is a matter of fact, that every machine requires parts replacement at some point. Therefore, timely replacement of worn yand damaged parts is necessary to run the machine efficiently.

                  9.What Quality Standards Should A Tablet Making Machine Comply?

                  Tablet making machine is made under the strict regulations because of its highly responsible task which is making tablets. Below mentioned quality standards are few of the notable ones which a tablet making machine must comply:

                  Tablet Making Machine Comply

                  GMP quality certification marks- Picture Courtesy: qccertification.com

                  ISO

                  International Organization for Standardization is a non-governmental international organization established to provide safety principles for goods and products across the globe. ISO 13485 is a quality standard for tablet making machine which is essential for its quality management.

                  GMP

                  Good Manufacturing Practices is a system developed to make sure that machines used for tablets processing are following quality standards. So, a tablet making machine should be certified by it.

                  FDA

                  Food and Drugs Administration is a principal agency with prime focus of promoting safe drugs and associated equipment. Hence, the machine must adhere FDA's regulations.

                  CE

                  CE is the trademark of European Union. If a tablet making machine has this certification, it means the machine is fulfilling all relevant prerequisites.

                  10.How To Diagnose The Common Technical Errors Of A Tablet Making Machine?

                  Mostly, when a tablet making machine create trouble during operation or do not start the operation, it is because of human error or technical fault. Therefore, the problem needs to be properly addressed which is only possible if you have prior information such as the one give below:

                  No Errors Causes Solutions Pictures
                  1 Tablets capping It happens when the amount of binder agent is low or the powder is too fine. So, resolve it by adding sufficient binding agent to the powder and reduce the amount of fine produce in fluid bed dryer.wqa Tablets capping

                  Tablets capping- Picture Courtesy: scientistlive.com

                  2 Tablet lamination: the separation of tablets into two or more parts The reasons vary from excessive drying, large sized granules, and high lubrication. You need to balance the moisture content, reduce granules size as well as lubrication added. Tablet lamination

                  Tablet lamination- Picture Courtesy: merlin-pc.com

                  3 Sticking and Picking Either the punch area is rough or the pressure of pressing is low. You need to polish the punching surface and adjust the pressure of compression. Sticking and Picking

                  Tablet sticking to die- Picture Courtesy: tabletscapsules.com

                  4 Tablets friability It occurs when less amount of binder agents are added or high tablets hardness. It can be solved by adding sufficient binding agent and modify the thickness of tablets. Tablets friability

                  Friable tablets

                  5 Inaccurate embossing over tablets It is when the lower punches move freely. Make sure to use and accurately fix the low punches. Inaccurate embossing

                  Uneven tablet embossing- Picture Courtesy: pharmaceutical-tech.com

                  11.Factors To Look For When Choosing A Tablet Making Machine?

                  If you are looking forward for choosing the right tablet making machine for your business, then must consider certain essential factors which are highlighted as under:

                  Output Ratio

                  Output Ratio

                  Tablets formatted in different styles- Picture Courtesy: helpguide.org

                  It is important to have clear knowledge about your current production rate. For instance, if you are running a full scale large pharmaceutical plant, then opting for a fully automatic and multi-station rotary tablet press machine can give you output of making thousands of tablets in an hour. So, considering the machine output capacity is crucial.

                  Specifications

                  Specifications

                  Dies & punches- Picture Courtesy: shaktipharmatech.com

                  The shape and size of tablets entirely depends upon the type of punching tools and die cavity. So, make sure the tooling of machine along with other specifications are compatible to your requirements.

                  Convenience

                  One of the pertinent factors for a successful business is that you should avoid complex design machine consider the tablet making machine which is easy-to-use. It is because simple design machine follows straight forward way for execution, while as, complex machines may bother you in terms of training and troubleshooting the errors.

                  Cost

                  Cost

                  Examining cost- Picture Courtesy: happay.com

                  Tablet making machines come in different price range. So, it is necessary to purchase a machine that is under your economic range. Otherwise, high initial cost on capital often leads you to have expensive selling products that can reduce your customers.

                  Conclusion

                  To summarize, Tablet Making Machine is the must have machine for manufacturing tablets and pills. The modern-day pharmacies and other tablets producing plants are fully dependent upon the tablet making machine for precise, homogeneous, and compact solid dosage creation. If you are also among them and have an intention to buy a new tablet making machine, then must consider Allpack where you will find the type of machine compatible to your needs and budget along with one year of warranty. For further information please contact us!

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                  Pills-6

                  How To Press Your Own Pills?

                  How To Press Your Own Pills?

                  The unending growth of technology has opened the doors of inventions for humans to progress in their lives. Similarly, we often confront people with rising tendencies towards entrepreneurship and business field instead of rushing towards restricted jobs. In this way, the most suitable area which they find worthy is pressing tablets in diverse sectors such as pharmaceutical, nutraceucal, food, veterinary, cosmetics and many others.

                  Pills

                  Are you too among one of them, planning to initiate your own business of pressing pills? Or want to press your own pills in home for various purposes? But are in state of ambivalence? If so! No need to worry. As, we have come up with an amazing blog post for you which will be surely enough to answer your complex queries started from How to press your own pills and getting ended up with choosing the best compatible tool for achieving it. Just take the start and get all what you need!

                    Add a header to begin generating the table of contents

                    1.What Is Meant By Pressing Pills?

                    Pressing Pills

                    Pill press machine- Picture Courtesy: unbiogrund.com

                    Whether it is the healthcare, beauty care, daily cleaning, or agricultural protection need for pills is realized everywhere. Similarly, the demand for pills is directly augmenting. Reasons are numerous, taking from its precise structure to easy swallowing, dissolution, and bother free handling. And we know that all types of pills are made up of powder. But how powder can be turned into such an organized and uniform state without being liquified? The answer is definitely by pressing!

                    Pressing is the most popular and easy way commonly employed for making pills. It involves the punching of powdery formulation with much exertion which ultimately result in the creation of precise pills. The size, shape, and weight of pills may vary according to changing die and ingredients taken. However, these pills can last longer by keeping them away from humidity, temperature, and light etc.

                    2.What Ingredients & Tools Will You Need To Press Your Own Pills?

                    Everything we have in our daily life is the composition of several components or ingredients which have been processed with the help of certain tools. Likewise, pressing your own pills will indeed require certain ingredients and equipment. Therefore, we have explained for your ease the list of essentials you will need for pill formulation. Have a look towards them for better understanding!

                    Ingredients

                    Active Ingredients

                    Active ingredients used in pills refers to the components which have a therapeutic effect on the body. For instance, active ingredients are actually those substances which enable a pill to have beneficial health effects which it claims. Its common example include paracetamol, an ingredient added to pills used for pain relief and atorvastatin, found in cholesterol-lowering pills.

                    Inactive Ingredients

                    Inactive ingredients, on the other hand, are put in the pills formulation for the purpose of their structural integrity, manifestation, flavor and absorption frequency. Therefore, they do not have any effect on patients' health, however, some people may not be able to take them because of allergic issues, which is an exception. Some common inactive ingredients involve:

                    No Inactive Ingredients Pictures
                    1 Binders

                    Pill binders, also known as binding agents, are substances added into pills formulation in order to delay pill disintegration. It is vital in helping medication to maintain its integrity and promote gentle dissolution. Most used binders include cellulose, starch, and gelatin

                    Binders

                    Tablet excipients binder -Picture Courtesy: pharmaexcipients.com

                    2 Disintegrants

                    While binders slow down dissolution process, disintegrants have inverse effects on pills by increasing the disintegration. Hence, they are added to pills for break-up when contacting aqueous fluids.

                    Disintegrants

                    Effervescent tablet fizzing in water -Picture Courtesy: wellbeingnutrition.com

                    3 Flavors

                    Fruit flavors are also added into pills especially those used for chewing like buccal and sublingual pills to release pleasant taste.

                    Flavors

                    Various fruit flavored effervescent tablets tubes -Picture Courtesy: amazinggrass.com

                    4 Fillers

                    Mostly, the amount of drug is so small that it cannot be handled conveniently. Therefore, fillers are added for easy handling.

                    Fillers

                    Granules- Picture Courtesy: ipharmachine.com

                    5 Gildants

                    Glidants are anticaking agents added into pills to reduce caking during making.

                    Gildants

                    Silica powder- Picture Courtesy: sydoniskin.com

                    6 Sweetening Agents

                    Sucrose is the most popular sweetening agent used in pills to impart palatable taste to often unpleasant substances.

                    Sweetening Agents

                    Glucose powder- Picture Courtesy: indiamart.com

                    Tools

                    Here tools mean all those equipment which you will need during making your own pills. These are described below:

                    No Tools Pictures
                    1 Miller

                    Miller is primarily used for reducing the size of material taken for pills manufacturing such as granules, food items, or herbal substances. It chops down the whole objects into uniform powder for convenient pills formulation.

                    Miller

                    Milling and size reduction cone mill -Picture Courtesy: chitramechtech.com

                    2 Mixer

                    As the title illustrates, the task of mixer is to mix the various ingredients including both active and inactive. Therefore, no particle is left unmixed.

                    Mixer

                    Automatic V Cone Blender Machine- Picture Courtesy: fclassmachines.com

                    3 Granulator

                    Granulator is an important machine used in pharmaceutical pills processing. Its function is to form uniform and free flowing granules from powder, so, that they can be easily compressed for making pills.

                    Granulator

                    FL Series Fluidized Granulating Drier- Allpack

                    4 Weighing Scale

                    Weighing scale is a device designed to determine the weight of powders, granules, and other materials when laid over it. Thus, it can be used for weighing pills formulation prepared to avoid irregularities.

                    Weighing Scale

                    Weighing scale- Picture Courtesy: indiamart.com

                    5 Pill Press

                    Undeniably, the most crucial tool you will ever require for making your own pills is pill press. This equipment composed of several components to transform your dry powders or granules into hard stable pills. Hence, if you want to make pills manually at home, you can use a handheld or manual pill press. On the other hand, for industrial use, you can use fully automatic or semi-automatic pill press.

                    Pill Press

                    Tablet press machine -Picture Courtesy: bestshoptheday.com

                    6 Coating Machine

                    Coating machine is optional but, in some cases, essential machine to use for coating the bitter taste, maintaining structural integrity, and appeal of pills.

                    Coating Machine

                    Tablet coating machine- Picture Courtesy: ipharmachine.com

                    3.How To Press Your Own Pills Manually At Home?

                    You might be planning to press your own pills at home, and that's a great idea! Pressing your own pills at home is a piece of cake for several reasons. This way is more affordable than purchasing expensive vitamins and supplements. Also, you get fresh and quality ingredients processed in your own home. Let's know the step-by-step process for pressing your own pills at home:

                    Pills Manually

                    Mixture Formulation

                    Mixture Formulation

                    Various herbal powders- Picture Courtesy: healthnews.com

                    First, you need to make pills formula by mixing various active ingredients and excipients. Put them collectively in a bowl and mix with the help of a spoon.

                    Die Filling

                    Die Filling

                    Pill mixture filling into press die cavity- Picture Courtesy: LFA Machines

                    Once, the pill mixture gets ready, you can take fixed amount of pill mixture and simply put it into die hole of the pill press through spoon. Now, close the pill press by fitting a punvh over die cavity.

                    Pill Pressing

                    Pill Pressing

                    Pill pressing- Picture Courtesy: LFA Machines

                    This is the most crucial step, where you need to exert pressure on pill press punch which will resultantly form solid, uniform, and clear pill.

                    Pill Ejection

                    Pill Ejection

                    Pill ejection- Picture Courtesy: LFA Machines

                    In the last step, you have to open the pill press and eject pill you have made by your own.

                    4.How To Press Your Own Pills Through Machine On Industrial Level?

                    Making your own pills via machine is somehow different from that of manual pressing of pills. Here, you need to focus on the steps explained below:

                    Pills Through Machine

                    Machine Feeding

                    For starting pill making process via machine, you need to feed its hopper with enough pill formula which may be in powder or granules form.

                    Parameters Setting

                    Now, you can power on the machine for setting basic parameters such as amount to be taken for making each pill, the compression force to be applied, and dwell time of the machine etc., with the help of control panel.

                    Die Cavity Filling

                    Die Cavity Filling

                    Working process of pill press machine- Picture Courtesy: prestigeinspirefoundation.in

                    Once, the machine's setting gets done just press the start button to make machine work. From here, machine will begin to blend pill mixture inside hopper and then deliver it to die cavity.

                    Mixture Metering

                    At this point, the question of how much pill mixture should be taken for making each pill is determined by a metering cam integrated inside the machine. It will only allow the desirable volume of formulation to enter die cavity and expel out excess powders or granules from cavity through.

                    Powder Pressing

                    Ultimately, you will observe the machine pressing powder laying in dia cavity through much force applied by lower and upper punches, resulting in the formation of precise, hard, and uniform pills.

                    Pills Ejection

                    Pills Ejection

                    Pills discharging in tablet press from Korsch- Picture Courtesy: korsch.com

                    This last step of pills ejection encompasses the discharging of formed pills from die cavity. For this purpose, the upper punches raise above, and lower punches push the pills out of die cavities towards discharge chute, and thus collected in a container.

                    5.Explain The Different Methods Used For Manufacturing Pills?

                    Generally, there are three methods adopted for making pills. They can be better understood by looking into underlying details:

                    Wet Granulation

                    Wet granulation method is most used way for making pills. It is a suitable technique for the size enlargement of pill mixture, from powders to granules. Therefore, it is suitable for therapeutic agents which are chemically stable and do not affect by wet granulation.

                    Wet Granulation

                    Wet granulation of pills- Picture Courtesy: freemantech.co.uk

                    Process:

                    • It involves mixing binders into active ingredients through water to form binder solution.
                    • Mix binder solution with other excipients such as disintegrants and glidants to form a dough.
                    • Process the dough through sieve to make granules.
                    • Dry the wet granules at 60° temperature.
                    • Weigh granules for each pill and compress them to form pills.

                    Dry Granulation

                    Dry granulation method of making pills is opposite to wet granulation technique. It involves compacting powders into large slugs and breaking them down to form granules. Hence, this method is best for agents sensitive to moisture and elevated temperature and reduce the chances of quality degradation.

                    Dry Granulation

                    Dry granulation process- Picture Courtesy: ipharmachine.com

                     Process:

                    • It encompasses milling the solid materials into powders.
                    • Mixing active ingredients and excipients together.
                    • Turning mixed ingredients into slugs or compacts.
                    • Sieve the slugs to turn into dry granules.
                    • Compress dry granules into pills.

                    Direct Compression

                    Unlike wet granulation and dry granulation, direct compression method does not modify the physical properties of ingredients rather compressed them into pills. It is extremely cost-effective way for pill pressing, therefore, widely employed for generic drugs.

                    Direct Compression

                    Diagram of a direct compression continuous process- Picture Courtesy: researchgate.net

                    Process:

                    • Mill the whole therapeutic and excipients to make free flowing powder.
                    • Mix both active and inactive ingredients homogeneously.
                    • Press the homogeneous pill mixture to make hard pills.

                    6.What Sizes and Shapes of Pills You Can Press?

                    Shapes of Pill

                    Common shapes & profiles of tablets- Picture Courtesy: ftloscience.com

                    There are large numbers of shapes and sizes available for pills. So, you can use them when designing your own pills.

                    Shapes

                    The common shapes used for pills include round, square, oval, capsule, and many others as shown in the picture above. Shapes are sometimes, adopted to resemble the pill purpose. For example, heart and lozenge pills may be used for heart and immunity health respectively. Apart from this, study shows that flat shaped and oval pills are more esophagus tolerant and support easy swallowing than triangle and round, which must be used in low dosage only.

                    Sizes

                    While, shapes relate to the appearance of pills, size is concerned with dosage. There are variety of pill sizes available for pharmaceutical tablets. However, most pills size range from 1mm to 2mm. Sizes of pills can be determined according to the age of patient like children, adults, and older people.

                    7.How To Troubleshoot The Common Problems Occur During Pill Pressing?

                    While pressing your own pills, you might struggle with common pills defects. But we don't want you to bother for it. Therefore, understanding in tackling these issues in advance will be indeed helpful for you.

                    No Problems Causes Troubleshooting Pictures
                    1 Binding of pills inside die cavity It may happen due to excessive moisture, less lubricants, or punch is not suitable Enhance the granules drying time, put adequate amount of binder, and replace punch if incompatible Binding of pills inside die cavity

                    Binding of pill in die cavity- Picture Courtesy: biogrund.com

                    2 Pills sticking after getting pressed This problem occurs in wet granulation method where inadequate drying of granules results in the sticking of pills Keep it in mind, that wet granulation method of pill manufacturing requires the wet granules to be dried under 60° temperature Pills sticking after getting pressed